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Tumour cell proliferation (Ki-67) in non-small cell lung cancer: a critical reappraisal of its prognostic role


Warth, A; Cortis, J; Soltermann, A; Meister, M; Budczies, J; Stenzinger, A; Goeppert, B; Thomas, M; Herth, F J F; Schirmacher, P; Schnabel, P A; Hoffmann, H; Dienemann, H; Muley, T; Weichert, W (2014). Tumour cell proliferation (Ki-67) in non-small cell lung cancer: a critical reappraisal of its prognostic role. British Journal of Cancer, 111(6):1222-1229.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Uncontrolled proliferation is a hallmark of malignant tumour growth. Its prognostic role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been investigated in numerous studies with controversial results. We aimed to resolve these controversies by assessing the Ki-67 proliferation index (PI) in three large, independent NSCLC cohorts. METHODS Proliferation index was retrospectively analysed by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 1065 NSCLC and correlated with clinicopathological data including outcome and therapy. RESULTS were validated in two independent cohorts of 233 squamous cell carcinomas (SQCC) and 184 adenocarcinomas (ADC). RESULTS Proliferation index (overall mean: 40.7%) differed significantly according to histologic subtypes with SQCC showing a mean PI (52.8%) twice as high as ADC (25.8%). In ADC PI was tightly linked to growth patterns. In SQCC and ADC opposing effects of PI on overall (OS), disease-specific and disease-free survival were evident, in ADC high PI (optimised validated cut-off: 25%) was a stage-independent negative prognosticator (hazard ratio, HR OS: 1.56, P=0.004). This prognostic effect was largely attenuated by adjuvant radio-/chemotherapy. In SQCC high PI (optimised validated cut-off: 50%) was associated with better survival (HR OS: 0.65, P=0.007). CONCLUSIONS Our data demonstrate that PI is a clinically meaningful biomarker in NSCLC with entity-dependent cut-off values that allow reliable estimation of prognosis and may potentially stratify ADC patients for the need of adjuvant therapy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Uncontrolled proliferation is a hallmark of malignant tumour growth. Its prognostic role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been investigated in numerous studies with controversial results. We aimed to resolve these controversies by assessing the Ki-67 proliferation index (PI) in three large, independent NSCLC cohorts. METHODS Proliferation index was retrospectively analysed by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 1065 NSCLC and correlated with clinicopathological data including outcome and therapy. RESULTS were validated in two independent cohorts of 233 squamous cell carcinomas (SQCC) and 184 adenocarcinomas (ADC). RESULTS Proliferation index (overall mean: 40.7%) differed significantly according to histologic subtypes with SQCC showing a mean PI (52.8%) twice as high as ADC (25.8%). In ADC PI was tightly linked to growth patterns. In SQCC and ADC opposing effects of PI on overall (OS), disease-specific and disease-free survival were evident, in ADC high PI (optimised validated cut-off: 25%) was a stage-independent negative prognosticator (hazard ratio, HR OS: 1.56, P=0.004). This prognostic effect was largely attenuated by adjuvant radio-/chemotherapy. In SQCC high PI (optimised validated cut-off: 50%) was associated with better survival (HR OS: 0.65, P=0.007). CONCLUSIONS Our data demonstrate that PI is a clinically meaningful biomarker in NSCLC with entity-dependent cut-off values that allow reliable estimation of prognosis and may potentially stratify ADC patients for the need of adjuvant therapy.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:9 September 2014
Deposited On:11 Dec 2014 10:38
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:37
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0007-0920
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2014.402
PubMed ID:25051406

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