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The inferior alveolar nerve's loop at the mental foramen and its implications for surgery - Zurich Open Repository and Archive


Filo, Katharina; Schneider, Thomas; Locher, Michael C; Kruse, Astrid L; Lübbers, Heinz-Theo (2014). The inferior alveolar nerve's loop at the mental foramen and its implications for surgery. Journal of the American Dental Association, 145(3):260-269.

Abstract

BACKGROUND In this study, the authors aimed to identify and measure the anterior extension of the alveolar loop (aAL) and the caudal extension of the alveolar loop (cAL) of the inferior alveolar nerve by using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). They also aimed to provide recommendations for surgery in the anterior mandible. METHODS In this retrospective case study of the frequency and extension of aAL and cAL, the authors evaluated 1,384 mandibular sites in 694 CBCT scans of dentate and partly edentulous patients, performed mainly for further diagnosis before removal of the mandibular third molars between January 2009 and February 2013, by using multiplanar reconstructions. RESULTS The frequency of aAL was 69.73 percent and of cAL was 100 percent. The mean value for aAL was 1.16 millimeters, with a range of 0.3 to 5.6 mm; the mean value for cAL was 4.11 mm, with a range of 0.25 to 8.87 mm. For aAL, 95.81 percent of the sites showed values of 0 to 3 mm; for cAL, 93.78 percent of the sites showed values of 0.25 to 6 mm. Dentate patients showed statistically significantly higher values for cAL than did partly edentulous patients (P = .043). CBCT resolution had a statistically significant impact on cAL measurements (P = .001), with higher values at higher resolution. CONCLUSIONS This study showed a high frequency of and large variations in aAL and cAL. In contrast to panoramic radiography, CBCT has been shown to be a reliable tool for identifying and measuring the AL. Therefore, preoperative diagnosis with CBCT is recommended for planning three-dimensional tasks such as implant placement in the vicinity of the mental foramen. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS Owing to the variability of aAL and cAL measurements, it is difficult to recommend reliable safety margins for surgical procedures such as implant placement, bone harvesting or genioplasty Depending on the indication, the clinician should consider preoperative diagnosis by means of CBCT.

Abstract

BACKGROUND In this study, the authors aimed to identify and measure the anterior extension of the alveolar loop (aAL) and the caudal extension of the alveolar loop (cAL) of the inferior alveolar nerve by using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). They also aimed to provide recommendations for surgery in the anterior mandible. METHODS In this retrospective case study of the frequency and extension of aAL and cAL, the authors evaluated 1,384 mandibular sites in 694 CBCT scans of dentate and partly edentulous patients, performed mainly for further diagnosis before removal of the mandibular third molars between January 2009 and February 2013, by using multiplanar reconstructions. RESULTS The frequency of aAL was 69.73 percent and of cAL was 100 percent. The mean value for aAL was 1.16 millimeters, with a range of 0.3 to 5.6 mm; the mean value for cAL was 4.11 mm, with a range of 0.25 to 8.87 mm. For aAL, 95.81 percent of the sites showed values of 0 to 3 mm; for cAL, 93.78 percent of the sites showed values of 0.25 to 6 mm. Dentate patients showed statistically significantly higher values for cAL than did partly edentulous patients (P = .043). CBCT resolution had a statistically significant impact on cAL measurements (P = .001), with higher values at higher resolution. CONCLUSIONS This study showed a high frequency of and large variations in aAL and cAL. In contrast to panoramic radiography, CBCT has been shown to be a reliable tool for identifying and measuring the AL. Therefore, preoperative diagnosis with CBCT is recommended for planning three-dimensional tasks such as implant placement in the vicinity of the mental foramen. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS Owing to the variability of aAL and cAL measurements, it is difficult to recommend reliable safety margins for surgical procedures such as implant placement, bone harvesting or genioplasty Depending on the indication, the clinician should consider preoperative diagnosis by means of CBCT.

Citations

6 citations in Web of Science®
10 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:March 2014
Deposited On:19 Dec 2014 17:47
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:39
Publisher:American Dental Association
ISSN:0002-8177
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.2013.34
PubMed ID:24583891

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