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Mortality prediction using modern peptide biomarkers in hemodialysis patients: a comparative analysis


Artunc, F; Nowak, Albina; Müller, Christian L; Peter, Andreas; Heyne, Nils; Häring, Hans-Ulrich; Friedrich, Björn (2014). Mortality prediction using modern peptide biomarkers in hemodialysis patients: a comparative analysis. Kidney & Blood Pressure Research, 39(6):563-571.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Determination of peptide biomarkers such as troponins, natriuretic peptides or the recently reported FGF23 can be useful to identify hemodialysis patients with a high risk of mortality. However, it is desirable to focus on few robust parameters to warrant their routine application.
METHODS: In a prospective cohort study with 239 prevalent hemodialysis patients we studied the prognostic significance of 10 simultaneously determined modern peptide biomarkers (high sensitive troponin I and T, NT-pro-BNP, BNP, MR-pro-ANP, MR-pro-ADM, CT-pro-ET1, copeptin, FGF23 and a-Klotho) and compared them with parameters traditionally associated with mortality (PTH, Ca, Pi, albumin, CRP, cholesterol, AP).
RESULTS: After a follow-up of 4 years, plasma concentration of troponins, natriuretic peptides, MR-pro-ADM, FGF23 as well as PTH, CRP, AP were significantly higher in deceased patients (n=95). Hazard ratios from cox regression on a continuous scale (doubling of plasma concentration) or relative in tertiles were highest for high sensitive troponins, followed by natriuretic peptides and MR-pro-ADM (1.6-2.0 and 2.3-5.5, resp.). C-indices were also highest for troponins (0.708-0.746), followed by natriuretic peptides (0.706-0.731). Traditional parameters had low c-indices (0.598-0.655). Stepwise cox regression revealed that among all parameters troponin I, NT-pro-BNP, PTH and CRP remained independent predictors of mortality and a composite score had the highest c-index (0.799 [0.740-0.849]).
CONCLUSIONS: Among peptide biomarkers high sensitive troponins and to a lesser extent natriuretic peptides are strong predictors of mortality in asymptomatic hemodialysis patients, followed by markers of mineral-bone disease and inflammation.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Determination of peptide biomarkers such as troponins, natriuretic peptides or the recently reported FGF23 can be useful to identify hemodialysis patients with a high risk of mortality. However, it is desirable to focus on few robust parameters to warrant their routine application.
METHODS: In a prospective cohort study with 239 prevalent hemodialysis patients we studied the prognostic significance of 10 simultaneously determined modern peptide biomarkers (high sensitive troponin I and T, NT-pro-BNP, BNP, MR-pro-ANP, MR-pro-ADM, CT-pro-ET1, copeptin, FGF23 and a-Klotho) and compared them with parameters traditionally associated with mortality (PTH, Ca, Pi, albumin, CRP, cholesterol, AP).
RESULTS: After a follow-up of 4 years, plasma concentration of troponins, natriuretic peptides, MR-pro-ADM, FGF23 as well as PTH, CRP, AP were significantly higher in deceased patients (n=95). Hazard ratios from cox regression on a continuous scale (doubling of plasma concentration) or relative in tertiles were highest for high sensitive troponins, followed by natriuretic peptides and MR-pro-ADM (1.6-2.0 and 2.3-5.5, resp.). C-indices were also highest for troponins (0.708-0.746), followed by natriuretic peptides (0.706-0.731). Traditional parameters had low c-indices (0.598-0.655). Stepwise cox regression revealed that among all parameters troponin I, NT-pro-BNP, PTH and CRP remained independent predictors of mortality and a composite score had the highest c-index (0.799 [0.740-0.849]).
CONCLUSIONS: Among peptide biomarkers high sensitive troponins and to a lesser extent natriuretic peptides are strong predictors of mortality in asymptomatic hemodialysis patients, followed by markers of mineral-bone disease and inflammation.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nephrology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:November 2014
Deposited On:19 Dec 2014 09:53
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 09:18
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:1420-4096
Additional Information:The final, published version of this article is available at http://www.karger.com/?doi=10.1159/000368468
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000368468
PubMed ID:25531828

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