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Glencoe 1692: Ein Massaker als komplexer Erinnerungsort


Koller, Christian (2013). Glencoe 1692: Ein Massaker als komplexer Erinnerungsort. Historische Zeitschrift, 296(1):1-28.

Abstract

This article analyses the 1692 Glencoe massacre, in which royal troops slaughtered dozens of members of the Scottish highland clan Macdonald, as a complex lieu de mémoire. Its complexity stems from several factors. First, it is linked to two conflicting narratives, one of them interpreting the massacre as a result of a clan feud, the other claiming it to be a crime ordered from ‚outside‘. Second, conflicting concepts of ‚nation‘ within the United Kingdom have played a role, as well as the fact that Glencoe is at the same time a cultural, political, commercialised and diasporic lieu de mémoire. The massacre served to assure – at different times – Britons (or specific British partisans) of their high level of civilisation, Scots of their oppression by the English, Macdonalds and Campbells of their affiliation to intercontinental solidarity groups. From a conceptual point of view, the case study shows that lieux de mémoire should be analysed departing from their memorial complexity rather than from a preconceived identity (as has been done in many studies influenced by Pierre Nora’s concept of national history). At least three dimensions should be attended to: differing narratives linked to one lieu de mémoire as well as their performative materialisation as memorial culture, different groups participating in the culture linked to a specific lieu de memoire,and different social subsystems impacted by a lieu de mémoire.

Abstract

This article analyses the 1692 Glencoe massacre, in which royal troops slaughtered dozens of members of the Scottish highland clan Macdonald, as a complex lieu de mémoire. Its complexity stems from several factors. First, it is linked to two conflicting narratives, one of them interpreting the massacre as a result of a clan feud, the other claiming it to be a crime ordered from ‚outside‘. Second, conflicting concepts of ‚nation‘ within the United Kingdom have played a role, as well as the fact that Glencoe is at the same time a cultural, political, commercialised and diasporic lieu de mémoire. The massacre served to assure – at different times – Britons (or specific British partisans) of their high level of civilisation, Scots of their oppression by the English, Macdonalds and Campbells of their affiliation to intercontinental solidarity groups. From a conceptual point of view, the case study shows that lieux de mémoire should be analysed departing from their memorial complexity rather than from a preconceived identity (as has been done in many studies influenced by Pierre Nora’s concept of national history). At least three dimensions should be attended to: differing narratives linked to one lieu de mémoire as well as their performative materialisation as memorial culture, different groups participating in the culture linked to a specific lieu de memoire,and different social subsystems impacted by a lieu de mémoire.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of History
Dewey Decimal Classification:900 History
Language:German
Date:2013
Deposited On:30 Dec 2014 08:45
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 09:22
Publisher:Oldenbourg Verlag
ISSN:0018-2613
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1524/hzhz.2013.0001
Related URLs:http://opac.nebis.ch/F/?local_base=NEBIS&CON_LNG=GER&func=find-b&find_code=SYS&request=001005389

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