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Syringolin A: action on plants, regulation of biosynthesis, and phylogenetic occurrence of structurally related compounds


Schellenberg, B; Ramel, C; Dudler, R (2008). Syringolin A: action on plants, regulation of biosynthesis, and phylogenetic occurrence of structurally related compounds. In: Fatmi, M; Collmer, A; Iacobellis, N S; Mansfield, J W; Murillo, J; Schaad, N W; Ullrich, M. Pseudomonas syringae pathovars and related pathogens - identification, epidemiology and genomics. Dordrecht, NL: Springer, 249-257.

Abstract

Syringolin A, the product of a mixed non-ribosomal peptide/polyketide synthetase, is secreted by Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae under in planta conditions and is one of the molecular determinants recognized by nonhost plant species. Spray application of syringolin A onto powdery mildew-infected wheat and Arabidopsis has the remarkable effect of reprogramming epidermal cells that are colonized by the powdery mildew fungi Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici and Erysiphe cichoracearum, respectively, in a compatible interaction to undergo hypersensitive cell death. No hypersensitive cell death is observed if the compound is applied onto uninfected plants. Transcriptome analyses in wheat and Arabidopsis with regard to powdery mildew inoculation and/or syringolin A spraying lead to a hypothesis about how syringolin A may accomplish to induce the hypersensitive reaction (HR) in colonized cells. The model is supported by transcriptome analyis of an Arabidopsis mutant in which HR is not induced upon syringolin A spraying of powdery mildew-infected plants. Cloning of the syringolin A synthetase genes has allowed us to build a detailed model of syringolin A synthesis based on the gene structure. This model in turn enabled us to clone the genes responsible for the synthesis of glidobactins (syn. cepafungins), antibiotics with a structure related to syringolin A that were reported to have antitumor activity, from an unknown species belonging to the order Burkholderiales. Comparisons to the approximately 700 complete eubacterial genomic sequences known resulted in the identification of a small but very intriguing group of pathogenic bacteria postulated to produce glidobacting-like molecules.

Abstract

Syringolin A, the product of a mixed non-ribosomal peptide/polyketide synthetase, is secreted by Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae under in planta conditions and is one of the molecular determinants recognized by nonhost plant species. Spray application of syringolin A onto powdery mildew-infected wheat and Arabidopsis has the remarkable effect of reprogramming epidermal cells that are colonized by the powdery mildew fungi Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici and Erysiphe cichoracearum, respectively, in a compatible interaction to undergo hypersensitive cell death. No hypersensitive cell death is observed if the compound is applied onto uninfected plants. Transcriptome analyses in wheat and Arabidopsis with regard to powdery mildew inoculation and/or syringolin A spraying lead to a hypothesis about how syringolin A may accomplish to induce the hypersensitive reaction (HR) in colonized cells. The model is supported by transcriptome analyis of an Arabidopsis mutant in which HR is not induced upon syringolin A spraying of powdery mildew-infected plants. Cloning of the syringolin A synthetase genes has allowed us to build a detailed model of syringolin A synthesis based on the gene structure. This model in turn enabled us to clone the genes responsible for the synthesis of glidobactins (syn. cepafungins), antibiotics with a structure related to syringolin A that were reported to have antitumor activity, from an unknown species belonging to the order Burkholderiales. Comparisons to the approximately 700 complete eubacterial genomic sequences known resulted in the identification of a small but very intriguing group of pathogenic bacteria postulated to produce glidobacting-like molecules.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:
Item Type:Book Section, not refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Plant and Microbial Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:21 Jan 2009 14:59
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:49
Publisher:Springer
ISBN:978-1-4020-6900-0 (Print), 978-1-4020-6901-7 (Online)
Additional Information:The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6901-7_26
Official URL:http://www.springerlink.com/

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