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Perceived functions of playfulness in adults : Does it mobilize you at work, rest, and when being with others?


Proyer, Rene T (2014). Perceived functions of playfulness in adults : Does it mobilize you at work, rest, and when being with others? European Review of Applied Psychology/ Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée, 64(5):241-250.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Little is known about what adults perceive as core functions of playfulness in their daily life.
OBJECTIVE: To compile a list of perceived functions of playfulness from nominations of laypeople and to test the association of the productions with individual levels of playfulness as a personality trait.
METHOD: Three hundred and twenty-four adults aged 18 to 62 (M = 31.6, SD = 11.5) listed perceived functions of playfulness in five areas (leisure and work and when being with work colleagues, friends, and their partner) and completed a questionnaire for playfulness.
RESULTS: The entries were grouped into seven broader categories; namely, (1) well-being; (2) humor and laughter; (3) mastery orientation; (4) creativity; (5) relationships; (6) coping strategies; and (7) coping with situations. Women noted more functions than men (t(297) = 2.99, p < .01, d = 0.35) but there were no gender differences in the playfulness scale. Individual levels of playfulness correlated only for men with a greater number of functions, while it was uncorrelated in the sample of women.
CONCLUSION: People see a broad range of functions for playfulness in their daily lives. This warrants further investigation on potential benefits of adult playfulness.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Little is known about what adults perceive as core functions of playfulness in their daily life.
OBJECTIVE: To compile a list of perceived functions of playfulness from nominations of laypeople and to test the association of the productions with individual levels of playfulness as a personality trait.
METHOD: Three hundred and twenty-four adults aged 18 to 62 (M = 31.6, SD = 11.5) listed perceived functions of playfulness in five areas (leisure and work and when being with work colleagues, friends, and their partner) and completed a questionnaire for playfulness.
RESULTS: The entries were grouped into seven broader categories; namely, (1) well-being; (2) humor and laughter; (3) mastery orientation; (4) creativity; (5) relationships; (6) coping strategies; and (7) coping with situations. Women noted more functions than men (t(297) = 2.99, p < .01, d = 0.35) but there were no gender differences in the playfulness scale. Individual levels of playfulness correlated only for men with a greater number of functions, while it was uncorrelated in the sample of women.
CONCLUSION: People see a broad range of functions for playfulness in their daily lives. This warrants further investigation on potential benefits of adult playfulness.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Les fonctions perçues de la tendance à être joueur chez les adultes : Les mobilise-t-on au travail, au repos, ou en société?
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:September 2014
Deposited On:31 Dec 2014 08:55
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:41
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1162-9088
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erap.2014.06.001

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