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Assessment of bronchial and pulmonary blood supply in non-small cell lung cancer subtypes using computed tomography perfusion


Nguyen-Kim, Thi Dan Linh; Frauenfelder, Thomas; Strobel, Klaus; Veit-Haibach, Patrick; Huellner, Martin W (2015). Assessment of bronchial and pulmonary blood supply in non-small cell lung cancer subtypes using computed tomography perfusion. Investigative Radiology, 50(3):179-186.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the dual blood supply of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its association with tumor subtype, size, and stage, using computed tomography perfusion (CTP).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 54 patients (median age, 65 years; range, 42-79 years; 15 women, 39 men) with suspected lung cancer underwent a CTP scan of the lung tumor. Pulmonary and bronchial vasculature regions of interest were used to calculate independently CTP parameters (blood flow [BF], blood volume [BV], and mean transit time [MTT]) of the tumor tissue. The mean and maximum pulmonary and bronchial perfusion indexes (PImean and PImax) were calculated. The tumoral volume and the largest tumoral diameter were assessed. Differences in CTP parameters and indexes among NSCLC subtypes, tumor stages and tumor dimensions were analyzed using non-parametric tests.
RESULTS: According to biopsy, 37 patients had NSCLC (22 adenocarcinomas [ACs], 8 squamous cell carcinomas [SCCs], 7 large-cell carcinomas [LCC]). The mean bronchial BF/pulmonary BF, bronchial BV/pulmonary BV, and bronchial MTT/pulmonary MTT was 41.2 ± 30.0/36.9 ± 24.2 mL/100 mL/min, 11.4 ± 9.7/10.4 ± 9.4 mL/100 mL, and 11.4 ± 4.3/14.9 ± 4.4 seconds, respectively. In general, higher bronchial BF than pulmonary BF was observed in NSCLC (P = 0.014). Using a tumoral volume cutoff of 3.5 cm, a significant difference in pulmonary PImax was found (P = 0.028). There was a significantly higher mean pulmonary BF in LCCs and SCCs compared with ACs (P = 0.018 and P = 0.044, respectively), whereas the mean bronchial BF was only significantly higher in LCCs compared with ACs (P = 0.024). Correspondingly, the PImax was significantly higher in LCCs and SCCs than in ACs (P = 0.001 for both). Differences between bronchial and pulmonary PImean and PImax among T stages and Union Internationale Contre le Cancer stages were not statistically significant (P values ranging from 0.691 to 0.753).
CONCLUSIONS: The known dual blood supply of NSCLC, which depends on tumor size and histological subtype, is reflected in CTP parameters, with parameters depending both on tumor size and histological subtype. This has to be accounted for when analyzing NSCLC with CTP.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License, where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the dual blood supply of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its association with tumor subtype, size, and stage, using computed tomography perfusion (CTP).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 54 patients (median age, 65 years; range, 42-79 years; 15 women, 39 men) with suspected lung cancer underwent a CTP scan of the lung tumor. Pulmonary and bronchial vasculature regions of interest were used to calculate independently CTP parameters (blood flow [BF], blood volume [BV], and mean transit time [MTT]) of the tumor tissue. The mean and maximum pulmonary and bronchial perfusion indexes (PImean and PImax) were calculated. The tumoral volume and the largest tumoral diameter were assessed. Differences in CTP parameters and indexes among NSCLC subtypes, tumor stages and tumor dimensions were analyzed using non-parametric tests.
RESULTS: According to biopsy, 37 patients had NSCLC (22 adenocarcinomas [ACs], 8 squamous cell carcinomas [SCCs], 7 large-cell carcinomas [LCC]). The mean bronchial BF/pulmonary BF, bronchial BV/pulmonary BV, and bronchial MTT/pulmonary MTT was 41.2 ± 30.0/36.9 ± 24.2 mL/100 mL/min, 11.4 ± 9.7/10.4 ± 9.4 mL/100 mL, and 11.4 ± 4.3/14.9 ± 4.4 seconds, respectively. In general, higher bronchial BF than pulmonary BF was observed in NSCLC (P = 0.014). Using a tumoral volume cutoff of 3.5 cm, a significant difference in pulmonary PImax was found (P = 0.028). There was a significantly higher mean pulmonary BF in LCCs and SCCs compared with ACs (P = 0.018 and P = 0.044, respectively), whereas the mean bronchial BF was only significantly higher in LCCs compared with ACs (P = 0.024). Correspondingly, the PImax was significantly higher in LCCs and SCCs than in ACs (P = 0.001 for both). Differences between bronchial and pulmonary PImean and PImax among T stages and Union Internationale Contre le Cancer stages were not statistically significant (P values ranging from 0.691 to 0.753).
CONCLUSIONS: The known dual blood supply of NSCLC, which depends on tumor size and histological subtype, is reflected in CTP parameters, with parameters depending both on tumor size and histological subtype. This has to be accounted for when analyzing NSCLC with CTP.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License, where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:30 Dec 2014 10:19
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:41
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0020-9996
Additional Information:This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Nguyen-Kim, Thi Dan Linh; Frauenfelder, Thomas; Strobel, Klaus; Veit-Haibach, Patrick; Huellner, Martin W (2014). Assessment of bronchial and pulmonary blood supply in non-small cell lung cancer subtypes using computed tomography perfusion. Investigative Radiology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLI.0000000000000124
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/RLI.0000000000000124
PubMed ID:25500892

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