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Lebensstil, Körpergewicht und andere Risikofaktoren für nichtübertragbare Krankheiten mit Schwerpunkt Ernährung : Resultate der Schweizerischen Gesundheitsbefragung 2012


Eichholzer, Monika; Richard, Aline; Stoffel-Kurt, Nadine; Favero, Kathrin; Rohrmann, Sabine; Stamm, Hanspeter; Wiegand, Doris (2014). Lebensstil, Körpergewicht und andere Risikofaktoren für nichtübertragbare Krankheiten mit Schwerpunkt Ernährung : Resultate der Schweizerischen Gesundheitsbefragung 2012. Bern: Bundesamt für Gesundheit (BAG).

Abstract

Swiss Health Surveys (SHS) have been conducted by the Federal Statistical Office every 5 years since 1992. The 2012 SHS presented here is based on a sample comprising 21,597 people, which is representative of the population aged 15 or older resident in Switzerland. The most important results can be summarized as follows: overweight (30.8%) and obesity (10.3%) are widespread. Having stagnated between 2002 and 2007, obesity is once again increasing. Of all the respondents, 32.1% report paying no attention to diet. This has not improved since 1992, and among women the situation has even tended to deteriorate since 2007. Only 10.9% of respondents consume the recommended three portions of vegetables/salad and two portions of fruit per day. Only 9.3% consume the recommended three portions of milk and dairy products. Fish is eaten less than once a week or never by 34.7%; this proportion decreased by 9.5% between 1992 and 2012. Meat/cold cuts are consumed more than 4 days a week by 48.3% of men and 28.5% of women. The decrease in excessive consumption of meat/cold cuts observed from 1992 onwards has not continued since 2002. The proportion of people who drink less than a litre of fluids (excluding alcohol) per day rose from 4.4% in 2002 and 2007 to 5.7% in 2012. The four most frequently cited barriers to a healthy diet are “a strong preference for good food”, “the high price of healthy food”, “habits and pressures of daily life” and “the time required to purchase and prepare healthy food”. All the barriers are cited less frequently in 2012 than in 2007; in particular, the price argument and the inadequate selection available in restaurants, canteens, etc. have become less significant. In 2012, 72% comply with the recommendations for exercise (63% in 2002), and the median value for sitting is now 5 hours per day. Over the last 20 years, the proportion of smokers has decreased significantly among men (from 36.5% to 32.4%), while it has remained stable among women (24.1% and 24.2%). The overall rate of 6 chronic excessive alcohol consumption (≥ 20 g pure alcohol per day for women and ≥ 40 g for men) is 4.8%; since 1997, the proportion has decreased significantly among men (from 7.5% to 5.5%) while remaining roughly the same among women (4.6%, 4.1%). Overall, 11.1% (17.0% of men and 5.6% of women) consume 6 or more glasses of alcoholic drinks on one occasion at least once a month. Diabetes mellitus, hypertension or hypercholesterolaemia has been medically diagnosed at least once in 4.7%, 26.8% and 17.4% of the respondents. Diabetes increased significantly among men between 1997 and 2012, while hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia become more prevalent among both sexes (with a clear rise in hypertension in particular between 2007 and 2012). In summary, this suggests a deterioration with regard to body weight but also in certain lifestyle factors, which is then reflected by an increase in diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia. Particularly at risk are men, older people and those with a lower educational level.

Abstract

Swiss Health Surveys (SHS) have been conducted by the Federal Statistical Office every 5 years since 1992. The 2012 SHS presented here is based on a sample comprising 21,597 people, which is representative of the population aged 15 or older resident in Switzerland. The most important results can be summarized as follows: overweight (30.8%) and obesity (10.3%) are widespread. Having stagnated between 2002 and 2007, obesity is once again increasing. Of all the respondents, 32.1% report paying no attention to diet. This has not improved since 1992, and among women the situation has even tended to deteriorate since 2007. Only 10.9% of respondents consume the recommended three portions of vegetables/salad and two portions of fruit per day. Only 9.3% consume the recommended three portions of milk and dairy products. Fish is eaten less than once a week or never by 34.7%; this proportion decreased by 9.5% between 1992 and 2012. Meat/cold cuts are consumed more than 4 days a week by 48.3% of men and 28.5% of women. The decrease in excessive consumption of meat/cold cuts observed from 1992 onwards has not continued since 2002. The proportion of people who drink less than a litre of fluids (excluding alcohol) per day rose from 4.4% in 2002 and 2007 to 5.7% in 2012. The four most frequently cited barriers to a healthy diet are “a strong preference for good food”, “the high price of healthy food”, “habits and pressures of daily life” and “the time required to purchase and prepare healthy food”. All the barriers are cited less frequently in 2012 than in 2007; in particular, the price argument and the inadequate selection available in restaurants, canteens, etc. have become less significant. In 2012, 72% comply with the recommendations for exercise (63% in 2002), and the median value for sitting is now 5 hours per day. Over the last 20 years, the proportion of smokers has decreased significantly among men (from 36.5% to 32.4%), while it has remained stable among women (24.1% and 24.2%). The overall rate of 6 chronic excessive alcohol consumption (≥ 20 g pure alcohol per day for women and ≥ 40 g for men) is 4.8%; since 1997, the proportion has decreased significantly among men (from 7.5% to 5.5%) while remaining roughly the same among women (4.6%, 4.1%). Overall, 11.1% (17.0% of men and 5.6% of women) consume 6 or more glasses of alcoholic drinks on one occasion at least once a month. Diabetes mellitus, hypertension or hypercholesterolaemia has been medically diagnosed at least once in 4.7%, 26.8% and 17.4% of the respondents. Diabetes increased significantly among men between 1997 and 2012, while hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia become more prevalent among both sexes (with a clear rise in hypertension in particular between 2007 and 2012). In summary, this suggests a deterioration with regard to body weight but also in certain lifestyle factors, which is then reflected by an increase in diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia. Particularly at risk are men, older people and those with a lower educational level.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Published Research Report
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:2014
Deposited On:29 Dec 2014 14:48
Last Modified:27 Apr 2017 22:27
Publisher:Bundesamt für Gesundheit (BAG)
Number of Pages:59
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://www.bag.admin.ch/themen/ernaehrung_bewegung/05192/05943

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