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Platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β expression in human peritoneum


Seeger, Harald; Braun, Niko; Latus, Joerg; Alscher, M Dominik; Fritz, Peter; Edenhofer, Ilka; Biegger, Dagmar; Lindenmeier, Maja; Wüthrich, Rudolf P; Segerer, Stephan (2014). Platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β expression in human peritoneum. Nephron Clinical Practice, 128(1-2):178-184.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Simple peritoneal fibrosis and encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) are important lesions in the peritoneum of patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). We have previously described a population of podoplanin-positive myofibroblasts in peritoneal biopsies from patients with EPS. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β (PDGFRβ) is a marker of pericytes, and PDGFs might be involved in the fibrotic response of the peritoneum. This study aimed to describe PDGFRβ in the human peritoneum.
METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, we localized PDGFRβ in peritoneal biopsies from patients with EPS (n = 6) and patients on PD without signs of EPS (n = 5), and compared them with normal peritoneum (n = 4) and peritoneum from uremic patients (n = 5). Consecutive sections were stained for smooth-muscle actin (SMA) and podoplanin. Slides were scored semiquantitatively by 2 observers blinded to the diagnosis.
RESULTS: PDGFRβ was expressed by cells of arterial walls in all biopsies. A prominent population of PDGFRβ-positive cells was present in the normal peritoneum, which were SMA negative on consecutive sections. In patients on PD, a high number of PDGFRβ were also positive for SMA. In EPS, the majority of podoplanin-positive cells were positive for PDGFRβ. In peritoneal biopsies from normal and uremic patients, the expression of SMA was mainly restricted to cells of arterial walls. Podoplanin expression was restricted to lymphatic vessels in normal peritoneum, in uremic patients, and in patients on PD without EPS.
CONCLUSIONS: As podoplanin-positive myofibroblasts express PDGFRβ, these cells might be related to pericytes (rather than other sources of fibroblasts). PDGFRβ might turn out to be a therapeutic target in EPS. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Simple peritoneal fibrosis and encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) are important lesions in the peritoneum of patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). We have previously described a population of podoplanin-positive myofibroblasts in peritoneal biopsies from patients with EPS. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β (PDGFRβ) is a marker of pericytes, and PDGFs might be involved in the fibrotic response of the peritoneum. This study aimed to describe PDGFRβ in the human peritoneum.
METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, we localized PDGFRβ in peritoneal biopsies from patients with EPS (n = 6) and patients on PD without signs of EPS (n = 5), and compared them with normal peritoneum (n = 4) and peritoneum from uremic patients (n = 5). Consecutive sections were stained for smooth-muscle actin (SMA) and podoplanin. Slides were scored semiquantitatively by 2 observers blinded to the diagnosis.
RESULTS: PDGFRβ was expressed by cells of arterial walls in all biopsies. A prominent population of PDGFRβ-positive cells was present in the normal peritoneum, which were SMA negative on consecutive sections. In patients on PD, a high number of PDGFRβ were also positive for SMA. In EPS, the majority of podoplanin-positive cells were positive for PDGFRβ. In peritoneal biopsies from normal and uremic patients, the expression of SMA was mainly restricted to cells of arterial walls. Podoplanin expression was restricted to lymphatic vessels in normal peritoneum, in uremic patients, and in patients on PD without EPS.
CONCLUSIONS: As podoplanin-positive myofibroblasts express PDGFRβ, these cells might be related to pericytes (rather than other sources of fibroblasts). PDGFRβ might turn out to be a therapeutic target in EPS. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nephrology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:04 Feb 2015 12:00
Last Modified:03 Jun 2016 13:05
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:1660-2110
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000368241
PubMed ID:25376624

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