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Desistance and “Aging-out” after Punishment


Haas, Henriette (2015). Desistance and “Aging-out” after Punishment. In: Kerley, Kent. The Encyclopedia of Corrections. Beverly Hills CA: Wiley, 1-15.

Abstract

The decline of criminal energy with growing age in the general offender population is replicated in a similar pattern for the active and serious criminals. Predictions of their dangerousness can be made more accurate by using longitudinal statistics on re-offending according to age, crime type and previous convictions as base rates. For this purpose Blumstein and Larson (1971) conceived a model of the interactions between offenders and the Criminal Justice System. It can be used to calculate the average number of offenses committed by a given type of offender such as street criminals or sex offenders after release from long prison sentences. As a consequence of the aging-out effect the number of offenses will considerably reduced after several years behind the walls, even for those ex-convicts who were not able or not willing to benefit from rehabilitation programs.

Abstract

The decline of criminal energy with growing age in the general offender population is replicated in a similar pattern for the active and serious criminals. Predictions of their dangerousness can be made more accurate by using longitudinal statistics on re-offending according to age, crime type and previous convictions as base rates. For this purpose Blumstein and Larson (1971) conceived a model of the interactions between offenders and the Criminal Justice System. It can be used to calculate the average number of offenses committed by a given type of offender such as street criminals or sex offenders after release from long prison sentences. As a consequence of the aging-out effect the number of offenses will considerably reduced after several years behind the walls, even for those ex-convicts who were not able or not willing to benefit from rehabilitation programs.

Statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Beccaria, Deterrence, Incapacitation, Rehabilitation, Recidivism, Habitual offender laws, Three Strikes laws, Incarceration rates
Language:English
Date:March 2015
Deposited On:13 Jan 2015 17:28
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 10:22
Publisher:Wiley
Additional Information:First version of the manuscript containing the Blumstein model, statistics and formula

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