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The relationship between sympathetic nervous activity and cerebral hemodynamics and oxygenation: a study using skin conductance measurement and functional near-infrared spectroscopy


Holper, Lisa; Scholkmann, Felix; Wolf, Martin (2014). The relationship between sympathetic nervous activity and cerebral hemodynamics and oxygenation: a study using skin conductance measurement and functional near-infrared spectroscopy. Behavioural Brain Research, 270:95-107.

Abstract

Simultaneous measurement of cortical and peripheral affective processing is relevant in many neuroscientific research fields. The aim was to investigate the influence of different affective task components on the coherence between cortical hemodynamic signals and peripheral autonomic skin potential signals. Seventeen healthy subjects performed four tasks, i.e. a finger-tapping task, a hyperventilation task, a working memory task and a risk-taking task. Cortical hemodynamic responses were measured using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Peripheral skin conductance responses (SCRs) were assessed using electrodermal activity (EDA). Coherence between the fNIRS and the EDA time series was calculated using the S transform coherence (STC), a method that tests the temporal dynamics between two time series for consistent phase relationships and thus for a functional relationship. The following characteristics of fNIRS-EDA coherence were observed: (1) Simple motor performance was not a contributor to enhanced coherence, as revealed by the finger-tapping task. (2) Changes in respiration rate and/or heart rate acted as relevant contributors to enhanced coherence, as revealed by the hyperventilation task. (3) Working memory performance did not induce changes in coherence, (4) whereas risk-taking behavior was a significant contributor to enhanced coherence. (5) Based on all four tasks, we also observed that coherence may be subject to habituation or sensitization effects over the trial-to-trial course of a task. Increased fNIRS-EDA coherence may be an indicator of a psychophysiological link between the underlying cortical and peripheral affective systems. Our findings are relevant for several neuroscientific research areas seeking to evaluate the interplay between cortical and peripheral affective performance.

Abstract

Simultaneous measurement of cortical and peripheral affective processing is relevant in many neuroscientific research fields. The aim was to investigate the influence of different affective task components on the coherence between cortical hemodynamic signals and peripheral autonomic skin potential signals. Seventeen healthy subjects performed four tasks, i.e. a finger-tapping task, a hyperventilation task, a working memory task and a risk-taking task. Cortical hemodynamic responses were measured using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Peripheral skin conductance responses (SCRs) were assessed using electrodermal activity (EDA). Coherence between the fNIRS and the EDA time series was calculated using the S transform coherence (STC), a method that tests the temporal dynamics between two time series for consistent phase relationships and thus for a functional relationship. The following characteristics of fNIRS-EDA coherence were observed: (1) Simple motor performance was not a contributor to enhanced coherence, as revealed by the finger-tapping task. (2) Changes in respiration rate and/or heart rate acted as relevant contributors to enhanced coherence, as revealed by the hyperventilation task. (3) Working memory performance did not induce changes in coherence, (4) whereas risk-taking behavior was a significant contributor to enhanced coherence. (5) Based on all four tasks, we also observed that coherence may be subject to habituation or sensitization effects over the trial-to-trial course of a task. Increased fNIRS-EDA coherence may be an indicator of a psychophysiological link between the underlying cortical and peripheral affective systems. Our findings are relevant for several neuroscientific research areas seeking to evaluate the interplay between cortical and peripheral affective performance.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neonatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:15 August 2014
Deposited On:09 Feb 2015 15:38
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 10:25
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0166-4328
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2014.04.056
PubMed ID:24845305

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