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Quantification of teicoplanin in plasma by LC-MS with online sample clean-up and comparison with QMS assay


Mueller, Daniel M; von Eckardstein, Arnold; Saleh, Lanja (2014). Quantification of teicoplanin in plasma by LC-MS with online sample clean-up and comparison with QMS assay. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 52(6):879-887.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic used for the treatment of infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria. There is a good correlation between trough levels and clinical outcome, therefore therapeutic drug monitoring is recommended. Here we present a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method with online extraction based on turbulent flow chromatography for the quantification of the five main components of teicoplanin, A2-1, A2-2, A2-3, A2-4, and A2-5.
METHODS: After online extraction, analytical chromatography was performed on a Hypersil Gold C8 column under acidic conditions. As mass spectrometer, a Q Exactive hybrid instrument was used. Samples were prepared by adding internal standard and subsequent centrifugation. Patient samples (n=125) that had previously been analyzed using a commercially available immunoassay (QMS teicoplanin) were re-analyzed by LC-MS.
RESULTS: The imprecision was <6.9%, inaccuracy between 99.6% and 109%, for both, within- and between-day analysis. The method was shown to be free of matrix effects in the relevant time ranges and was compared to a commercially available immunoassay, QMS® teicoplanin from Thermo Fisher Scientific. The LC-MS assay produced comparable results to the QMS assay, the correlation coefficient was 0.856 (95% confidence interval 0.800-0.896). LC-MS yielded lower concentrations than the immunoassay as could be demonstrated by the bias of -1.16 mg/L (95% confidence interval -1.90-0.43 mg/L) in the Bland-Altman analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: This specific, automated, LC-MS assay for teicoplanin is suitable for therapeutic drug monitoring.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic used for the treatment of infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria. There is a good correlation between trough levels and clinical outcome, therefore therapeutic drug monitoring is recommended. Here we present a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method with online extraction based on turbulent flow chromatography for the quantification of the five main components of teicoplanin, A2-1, A2-2, A2-3, A2-4, and A2-5.
METHODS: After online extraction, analytical chromatography was performed on a Hypersil Gold C8 column under acidic conditions. As mass spectrometer, a Q Exactive hybrid instrument was used. Samples were prepared by adding internal standard and subsequent centrifugation. Patient samples (n=125) that had previously been analyzed using a commercially available immunoassay (QMS teicoplanin) were re-analyzed by LC-MS.
RESULTS: The imprecision was <6.9%, inaccuracy between 99.6% and 109%, for both, within- and between-day analysis. The method was shown to be free of matrix effects in the relevant time ranges and was compared to a commercially available immunoassay, QMS® teicoplanin from Thermo Fisher Scientific. The LC-MS assay produced comparable results to the QMS assay, the correlation coefficient was 0.856 (95% confidence interval 0.800-0.896). LC-MS yielded lower concentrations than the immunoassay as could be demonstrated by the bias of -1.16 mg/L (95% confidence interval -1.90-0.43 mg/L) in the Bland-Altman analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: This specific, automated, LC-MS assay for teicoplanin is suitable for therapeutic drug monitoring.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:June 2014
Deposited On:28 Jan 2015 12:23
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 10:26
Publisher:De Gruyter
ISSN:1434-6621
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1515/cclm-2013-0974
PubMed ID:24445242

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