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IL-6 regulates neutrophil microabscess formation in IL-17A-driven psoriasiform lesions


Abstract

The lack of a generally accepted animal model for human psoriasis has hindered progress with respect to understanding the pathogenesis of the disease. Here we present a model in which transgenic IL-17A expression is targeted to the skin in mice, achievable after crossing our IL-17A(ind) allele to the K14-Cre strain. K14-IL-17A(ind/+) mice invariably develop an overt skin inflammation bearing many hallmark characteristics of human psoriasis including dermal infiltration of effector T cells, formation of neutrophil microabscesses, and hyperkeratosis. IL-17A expression in the skin results in upregulated granulopoiesis and migration of IL-6R-expressing neutrophils into the skin. Neutralization of IL-6 signaling efficiently reduces the observed pathogenesis in skin of IL-17A-overexpressing mice, with marked reductions in epidermal neutrophil abscess formation and epidermal thickening. Thus, IL-6 functions downstream of IL-17A to exacerbate neutrophil microabscess development in psoriasiform lesions.

Abstract

The lack of a generally accepted animal model for human psoriasis has hindered progress with respect to understanding the pathogenesis of the disease. Here we present a model in which transgenic IL-17A expression is targeted to the skin in mice, achievable after crossing our IL-17A(ind) allele to the K14-Cre strain. K14-IL-17A(ind/+) mice invariably develop an overt skin inflammation bearing many hallmark characteristics of human psoriasis including dermal infiltration of effector T cells, formation of neutrophil microabscesses, and hyperkeratosis. IL-17A expression in the skin results in upregulated granulopoiesis and migration of IL-6R-expressing neutrophils into the skin. Neutralization of IL-6 signaling efficiently reduces the observed pathogenesis in skin of IL-17A-overexpressing mice, with marked reductions in epidermal neutrophil abscess formation and epidermal thickening. Thus, IL-6 functions downstream of IL-17A to exacerbate neutrophil microabscess development in psoriasiform lesions.

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16 citations in Web of Science®
16 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Experimental Immunology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:March 2014
Deposited On:18 Feb 2015 15:11
Last Modified:27 Aug 2017 05:11
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-202X
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/jid.2013.404
PubMed ID:24067382

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