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Cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation: the CERTIFY study (Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation Patients Multinational Registry)


Gasparini, Maurizio; Leclercq, Christophe; Lunati, Maurizio; Landolina, Maurizio; Auricchio, Angelo; Santini, Massimo; Boriani, Giuseppe; Lamp, Barbara; Proclemer, Alessandro; Curnis, Antonio; Klersy, Catherine; Leyva, Francisco (2013). Cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation: the CERTIFY study (Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation Patients Multinational Registry). JACC: Heart Failure, 1(6):500-507.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to determine whether, in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), atrioventricular junction ablation (AVJA) is associated with a better outcome than treatment with rate-slowing drugs. BACKGROUND Different trials have demonstrated that CRT is effective in treating heart failure (HF) patients who are in sinus rhythm (SR). No trials have addressed whether CRT confers similar benefits on AF patients, with or without AVJA. METHODS The clinical outcomes of CRT for patients with permanent AF undergoing CRT combined with either AVJA (n = 443) or rate-slowing drugs (n = 895) were compared with those of SR patients (n = 6,046). RESULTS Median follow-up was 37 months. Total mortality (6.8 vs. 6.1 per 100 person-years) and cardiac mortality (4.2 vs. 4.0) were similar for patients with AF+AVJA and patients in SR (both p = NS). In contrast, the AF+drugs group had a higher total and cardiac mortality than the SR group and the AF+AVJA group (11.3 and 8.1, respectively; p < 0.001). On multivariable analysis, AF+AVJA had total mortality (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.93, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.74 to 1.67) and cardiac mortality (HR: 0.88, 95% CI: 0.66 to 1.17) similar to that of the SR group, independent of known confounders. The AF+drugs group, however, had a higher total mortality (HR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.26 to 1.82) and cardiac mortality (HR: 1.57, 95% CI: 1.27 to 1.94) than both the SR group and the AF+AVJA group (both p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS Long-term survival after CRT among patients with AF+AVJA is similar to that observed among patients in SR. Mortality is higher for AF patients treated with rate-slowing drugs.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to determine whether, in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), atrioventricular junction ablation (AVJA) is associated with a better outcome than treatment with rate-slowing drugs. BACKGROUND Different trials have demonstrated that CRT is effective in treating heart failure (HF) patients who are in sinus rhythm (SR). No trials have addressed whether CRT confers similar benefits on AF patients, with or without AVJA. METHODS The clinical outcomes of CRT for patients with permanent AF undergoing CRT combined with either AVJA (n = 443) or rate-slowing drugs (n = 895) were compared with those of SR patients (n = 6,046). RESULTS Median follow-up was 37 months. Total mortality (6.8 vs. 6.1 per 100 person-years) and cardiac mortality (4.2 vs. 4.0) were similar for patients with AF+AVJA and patients in SR (both p = NS). In contrast, the AF+drugs group had a higher total and cardiac mortality than the SR group and the AF+AVJA group (11.3 and 8.1, respectively; p < 0.001). On multivariable analysis, AF+AVJA had total mortality (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.93, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.74 to 1.67) and cardiac mortality (HR: 0.88, 95% CI: 0.66 to 1.17) similar to that of the SR group, independent of known confounders. The AF+drugs group, however, had a higher total mortality (HR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.26 to 1.82) and cardiac mortality (HR: 1.57, 95% CI: 1.27 to 1.94) than both the SR group and the AF+AVJA group (both p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS Long-term survival after CRT among patients with AF+AVJA is similar to that observed among patients in SR. Mortality is higher for AF patients treated with rate-slowing drugs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:December 2013
Deposited On:12 Feb 2015 10:12
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:53
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2213-1779
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchf.2013.06.003
PubMed ID:24622002

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