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Absolute survival after cardiac resynchronization therapy according to baseline QRS duration: a multinational 10-year experience: data from the Multicenter International CRT Study


Gasparini, Maurizio; Leclercq, Christophe; Yu, Cheuk-Man; Auricchio, Angelo; Steinberg, Jonathan S; Lamp, Barbara; Klersy, Catherine; Leyva, Francisco (2014). Absolute survival after cardiac resynchronization therapy according to baseline QRS duration: a multinational 10-year experience: data from the Multicenter International CRT Study. American Heart Journal, 167(2):203-209.e1.

Abstract

BACKGROUND In the major trials of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), the survival benefit of the therapy, relative to control subjects, increases with QRS duration. In the non-CRT heart failure population, however, a wide QRS duration is associated with a shorter survival. Relative survival benefit from a therapy, however, is not synonymous with a longer absolute survival. We sought to determine whether baseline QRS duration relates to the absolute survival after CRT. METHODS AND RESULTS In this prospective, longitudinal, observational study, 3,319 consecutive patients undergoing CRT (QRS 120-149 ms 26%, QRS 150-199 ms 58%, and QRS ≥200 ms 16%) were assessed in relation to mortality over 10 years. Overall mortality rates (per 100 patient-years) were 9.2%, 9.3%, and 13.3% in the 3 groups, respectively (all P < .001). Cardiac mortality rates were 6.2, 6.0, and 9.9 per 100 patient-years, respectively (all P < .001). Compared with the QRS 120-149 ms group, cardiac mortality was highest in the QRS ≥200 ms group (hazard ratio [HR] 1.72 [95% CI 1.35-2.19], P < .001), independent of age, gender, New York Heart Association class, presence of atrial fibrillation, heart failure etiology, and left ventricular ejection fraction. Median survival after CRT was longest in patients with a width of QRS 120-149 ms and shortest in patients with a QRS ≥200 ms (P < .001). In multivariable analyses, a QRS ≥200 ms emerged as a powerful independent predictor of both overall (HR 1.44 [95% CI 1.07-1.94], P = .017) and cardiac mortality (HR 1.59 [95% CI 1.14-2.24], P = .007). CONCLUSIONS At long-term follow-up, absolute overall and cardiac survival after CRT is similar in patients with a preimplant QRS duration of 120 to 149 ms and 150 to 199 ms but markedly shorter in patients with a QRS ≥200 ms.

Abstract

BACKGROUND In the major trials of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), the survival benefit of the therapy, relative to control subjects, increases with QRS duration. In the non-CRT heart failure population, however, a wide QRS duration is associated with a shorter survival. Relative survival benefit from a therapy, however, is not synonymous with a longer absolute survival. We sought to determine whether baseline QRS duration relates to the absolute survival after CRT. METHODS AND RESULTS In this prospective, longitudinal, observational study, 3,319 consecutive patients undergoing CRT (QRS 120-149 ms 26%, QRS 150-199 ms 58%, and QRS ≥200 ms 16%) were assessed in relation to mortality over 10 years. Overall mortality rates (per 100 patient-years) were 9.2%, 9.3%, and 13.3% in the 3 groups, respectively (all P < .001). Cardiac mortality rates were 6.2, 6.0, and 9.9 per 100 patient-years, respectively (all P < .001). Compared with the QRS 120-149 ms group, cardiac mortality was highest in the QRS ≥200 ms group (hazard ratio [HR] 1.72 [95% CI 1.35-2.19], P < .001), independent of age, gender, New York Heart Association class, presence of atrial fibrillation, heart failure etiology, and left ventricular ejection fraction. Median survival after CRT was longest in patients with a width of QRS 120-149 ms and shortest in patients with a QRS ≥200 ms (P < .001). In multivariable analyses, a QRS ≥200 ms emerged as a powerful independent predictor of both overall (HR 1.44 [95% CI 1.07-1.94], P = .017) and cardiac mortality (HR 1.59 [95% CI 1.14-2.24], P = .007). CONCLUSIONS At long-term follow-up, absolute overall and cardiac survival after CRT is similar in patients with a preimplant QRS duration of 120 to 149 ms and 150 to 199 ms but markedly shorter in patients with a QRS ≥200 ms.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:February 2014
Deposited On:12 Feb 2015 09:11
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:53
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0002-8703
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2013.10.017
PubMed ID:24439981

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