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Long-Range conformational transition of a photoswitchable allosteric protein: Molecular dynamics simulation study


Buchenberg, Sebastian; Knecht, Volker; Walser, Reto; Hamm, Peter; Stock, Gerhard (2014). Long-Range conformational transition of a photoswitchable allosteric protein: Molecular dynamics simulation study. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 118(47):13468-13476.

Abstract

A local perturbation of a protein may lead to functional changes at some distal site. An example is the PDZ2 domain of human tyrosine phosphatase 1E which shows an allosteric transition upon binding to a peptide ligand. Recently Buchli et al. presented a time-resolved study of this transition by covalently linking an azobenzene photoswitch across the binding groove and using a femtosecond laser pulse that triggers the cis-trans photoisomerization of azobenzene. To aid the interpretation of these experiments, in this work seven microsecond runs of all-atom molecular dynamics simulations each for the wild-type PDZ2 in the ligandbound and -free state, as well as the photoswitchable protein (PDZ2S) in the cis and the trans state of the photoswitch, in explicit water. First the theoretical model is validated by recalculating the available NMR data from the simulations. By comparing the results for PDZ2 and PDZ2S, it is analyzed to what extent the photoswitch indeed mimics the free-bound transition. A detailed description of the conformational rearrangement following the cis-trans photoisomerization of PDZ2S reveals a series of photoinduced structural changes, that propagate from the anchor residues of the photoswitch via intermediate secondary structure segments to the C-terminus of PDZ2S. The changes of the conformational distribution of the C-terminal region is considered as the distal response of the isolated allosteric protein.

Abstract

A local perturbation of a protein may lead to functional changes at some distal site. An example is the PDZ2 domain of human tyrosine phosphatase 1E which shows an allosteric transition upon binding to a peptide ligand. Recently Buchli et al. presented a time-resolved study of this transition by covalently linking an azobenzene photoswitch across the binding groove and using a femtosecond laser pulse that triggers the cis-trans photoisomerization of azobenzene. To aid the interpretation of these experiments, in this work seven microsecond runs of all-atom molecular dynamics simulations each for the wild-type PDZ2 in the ligandbound and -free state, as well as the photoswitchable protein (PDZ2S) in the cis and the trans state of the photoswitch, in explicit water. First the theoretical model is validated by recalculating the available NMR data from the simulations. By comparing the results for PDZ2 and PDZ2S, it is analyzed to what extent the photoswitch indeed mimics the free-bound transition. A detailed description of the conformational rearrangement following the cis-trans photoisomerization of PDZ2S reveals a series of photoinduced structural changes, that propagate from the anchor residues of the photoswitch via intermediate secondary structure segments to the C-terminus of PDZ2S. The changes of the conformational distribution of the C-terminal region is considered as the distal response of the isolated allosteric protein.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:27 November 2014
Deposited On:19 Feb 2015 13:33
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:54
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:1520-5207
Funders:Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Advanced Investigator ERC grant (DYNALLO)
Additional Information:This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in [J. Phys. Chem. B], copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see [http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp506873y].
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/jp506873y
PubMed ID:25365469

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