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How does the ascending aorta geometry change when it dissects?


Abstract

OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to delineate changes in aortic geometry and diameter due to dissection. BACKGROUND Aortic diameter is the major criterion for elective ascending aortic replacement for dilated ascending aortas to prevent aortic dissection. However, recommendations are made on the basis of clinical experience and observation of diameters of previously dissected aortas. METHODS Six tertiary centers on 2 continents reviewed their acute aortic dissection type A databases, which contained 1,821 patients. Included were all non-Marfan patients with nonbicuspid aortic valves who had undergone computed tomography angiography <2 years before and within 12 h after aortic dissection onset. Aortic geometry before and after dissection onset were compared. RESULTS Altogether, 63 patients were included (27 spontaneous and 36 retrograde dissections, median age 68 [57; 77] years; 54% were men). In all but 1 patient, maximum ascending aortic diameter was <55 mm before aortic dissection onset. The largest increase in diameter and volume induced by the dissection were observed in the ascending aorta (40.1 [36.6; 45.3] mm vs. 52.9 [46.1; 58.6] mm, +12.8 mm; p < 0.001; 124.0 [90.8; 162.5] cm(3) vs. 171.0 [147.0; 197.0] cm(3), +47 cm(3); p < 0.001). Mean aortic arch diameter increased from 39.8 (30.5; 42.6) mm to 46.4 (42.0; 51.6) mm (+6.6 mm; p < 0.001) and descending thoracic aorta diameter from 31.2 (27.0; 33.3) mm to 34.9 (30.9; 39.5) mm (+3.7 mm; p < 0.001). Changes in thoracic aorta geometry were similar for spontaneous and retrograde etiology. CONCLUSIONS Geometry of the thoracic aorta is affected by aortic dissection, leading to an increase in diameter that is most pronounced in the ascending aorta. Both spontaneous and retrograde dissection result in similar aortic geometry changes.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to delineate changes in aortic geometry and diameter due to dissection. BACKGROUND Aortic diameter is the major criterion for elective ascending aortic replacement for dilated ascending aortas to prevent aortic dissection. However, recommendations are made on the basis of clinical experience and observation of diameters of previously dissected aortas. METHODS Six tertiary centers on 2 continents reviewed their acute aortic dissection type A databases, which contained 1,821 patients. Included were all non-Marfan patients with nonbicuspid aortic valves who had undergone computed tomography angiography <2 years before and within 12 h after aortic dissection onset. Aortic geometry before and after dissection onset were compared. RESULTS Altogether, 63 patients were included (27 spontaneous and 36 retrograde dissections, median age 68 [57; 77] years; 54% were men). In all but 1 patient, maximum ascending aortic diameter was <55 mm before aortic dissection onset. The largest increase in diameter and volume induced by the dissection were observed in the ascending aorta (40.1 [36.6; 45.3] mm vs. 52.9 [46.1; 58.6] mm, +12.8 mm; p < 0.001; 124.0 [90.8; 162.5] cm(3) vs. 171.0 [147.0; 197.0] cm(3), +47 cm(3); p < 0.001). Mean aortic arch diameter increased from 39.8 (30.5; 42.6) mm to 46.4 (42.0; 51.6) mm (+6.6 mm; p < 0.001) and descending thoracic aorta diameter from 31.2 (27.0; 33.3) mm to 34.9 (30.9; 39.5) mm (+3.7 mm; p < 0.001). Changes in thoracic aorta geometry were similar for spontaneous and retrograde etiology. CONCLUSIONS Geometry of the thoracic aorta is affected by aortic dissection, leading to an increase in diameter that is most pronounced in the ascending aorta. Both spontaneous and retrograde dissection result in similar aortic geometry changes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:8 April 2014
Deposited On:18 Feb 2015 15:02
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 11:02
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0735-1097
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2013.12.028
PubMed ID:24509277

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