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The influence of surface micro-structure on endothelialization under supraphysiological wall shear stress


Robotti, Francesco; Franco, Davide; Bänninger, Livia; Wyler, Jair; Starck, Christoph T; Falk, Volkmar; Poulikakos, Dimos; Ferrari, Aldo (2014). The influence of surface micro-structure on endothelialization under supraphysiological wall shear stress. Biomaterials, 35(30):8479-8486.

Abstract

Interaction between platelets and artificial materials within cardiovascular devices triggers blood coagulation and represents a frequent adverse response to implant deployment. Avoidance of this interaction is obtained through the generation and sustenance under flow of a confluent and stable endothelial monolayer covering the luminal device surface, altogether defined as the process of endothelialization. Supraphysiological wall shear stress (WSS) levels generated within vascular assist devices (VADs) constitute a major challenge toward endothelialization. Here we report the experimental demonstration that stable endothelialization can be achieved at supraphysiological WSS levels by pure means of appropriate surface micro-structuring. Using a custom-designed flow bioreactor we exposed endothelial monolayers to physiological and supraphysiological WSS levels and investigated the resulting integrity of cell-to-cell junctions, the cell density and the cell polarization. At physiological WSS levels, optimal endothelialization was obtained independently from surface topography. However, at higher WSS levels, only monolayers grown on appropriately micro-structured surfaces preserved optimal integrity. Under these flow conditions, endothelial cells polarized by the contact with the micro-structure and, interestingly, oriented themselves in the direction perpendicular to flow. Such endothelial layers withstood WSS levels exceeding of 100% or more the thresholds detected on flat substrates.

Abstract

Interaction between platelets and artificial materials within cardiovascular devices triggers blood coagulation and represents a frequent adverse response to implant deployment. Avoidance of this interaction is obtained through the generation and sustenance under flow of a confluent and stable endothelial monolayer covering the luminal device surface, altogether defined as the process of endothelialization. Supraphysiological wall shear stress (WSS) levels generated within vascular assist devices (VADs) constitute a major challenge toward endothelialization. Here we report the experimental demonstration that stable endothelialization can be achieved at supraphysiological WSS levels by pure means of appropriate surface micro-structuring. Using a custom-designed flow bioreactor we exposed endothelial monolayers to physiological and supraphysiological WSS levels and investigated the resulting integrity of cell-to-cell junctions, the cell density and the cell polarization. At physiological WSS levels, optimal endothelialization was obtained independently from surface topography. However, at higher WSS levels, only monolayers grown on appropriately micro-structured surfaces preserved optimal integrity. Under these flow conditions, endothelial cells polarized by the contact with the micro-structure and, interestingly, oriented themselves in the direction perpendicular to flow. Such endothelial layers withstood WSS levels exceeding of 100% or more the thresholds detected on flat substrates.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:October 2014
Deposited On:18 Feb 2015 15:50
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 11:04
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0142-9612
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2014.06.046
PubMed ID:25017097

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