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Solution structure and metal ion binding sites of the human CPEB3 ribozyme’s P4 domain


Skilandat, Miriam; Rowinska-Zyrek, Magdalena; Sigel, Roland K O (2014). Solution structure and metal ion binding sites of the human CPEB3 ribozyme’s P4 domain. Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 19(6):903-912.

Abstract

Three ribozymes are known to occur in humans, the CPEB3 ribozyme, the CoTC ribozyme, and the hammerhead ribozyme. Here, we present the NMR solution structure of a well-conserved motif within the CPEB3 ribozyme, the P4 domain. In addition, we discuss the binding sites and impact of Mg2+ and [Co(NH3)6]3+, a spectroscopic probe for [Mg(H2O)6]2+, on the structure. The well-defined P4 region is a hairpin closed with a UGGU tetraloop that shows a distinct electrostatic surface potential and a characteristic, strongly curved backbone trajectory. The P4 hairpin contains two specific Mg2+ binding sites: one outer-sphere binding site close to the proposed CPEB3 ribozyme active site with potential relevance for maintaining a compact fold of the ribozyme core, and one inner-sphere binding site, probably stabilizing the tetraloop structure. The structure of the tetraloop resembles an RNase III recognition structure, as previously described for an AGUU tetraloop. The detailed knowledge of the P4 domain and its metal ion binding preferences thus brings us closer to understanding the importance of Mg2+ binding for the CPEB3 ribozyme’s fold and function in the cell.

Abstract

Three ribozymes are known to occur in humans, the CPEB3 ribozyme, the CoTC ribozyme, and the hammerhead ribozyme. Here, we present the NMR solution structure of a well-conserved motif within the CPEB3 ribozyme, the P4 domain. In addition, we discuss the binding sites and impact of Mg2+ and [Co(NH3)6]3+, a spectroscopic probe for [Mg(H2O)6]2+, on the structure. The well-defined P4 region is a hairpin closed with a UGGU tetraloop that shows a distinct electrostatic surface potential and a characteristic, strongly curved backbone trajectory. The P4 hairpin contains two specific Mg2+ binding sites: one outer-sphere binding site close to the proposed CPEB3 ribozyme active site with potential relevance for maintaining a compact fold of the ribozyme core, and one inner-sphere binding site, probably stabilizing the tetraloop structure. The structure of the tetraloop resembles an RNase III recognition structure, as previously described for an AGUU tetraloop. The detailed knowledge of the P4 domain and its metal ion binding preferences thus brings us closer to understanding the importance of Mg2+ binding for the CPEB3 ribozyme’s fold and function in the cell.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:05 Feb 2015 09:31
Last Modified:01 Jun 2017 04:35
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0949-8257
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00775-014-1125-6
PubMed ID:24652468

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