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Superconductivity in rubidium-substituted Ba${}_{1-{}x}$Rb${}_{x}$Ti${}_{2}$Sb${}_{2}$O


von Rohr, Fabian; Nesper, Reinhard; Schilling, Andreas (2014). Superconductivity in rubidium-substituted Ba${}_{1-{}x}$Rb${}_{x}$Ti${}_{2}$Sb${}_{2}$O. Physical Review B, 89(094505):online.

Abstract

We report on the synthesis and the physical properties of Ba${}_{1-{}x}$Rb${}_{x}$Ti${}_{2}$Sb${}_{2}$O ($x$ $\le$ $0.4$) by x-ray diffraction, superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry, resistivity, and specific-heat measurements. Upon hole doping by substituting Ba with Rb, we find superconductivity with a maximum Tc=5.4 K. Simultaneously, the charge-density-wave transition temperature is strongly reduced from TCDW≈55 K in the parent compound BaTi2Sb2O and seems to be suppressed for x≥0.2. The bulk character of the superconducting state for the optimally doped sample (x=0.2) is confirmed by the occurrence of a well developed discontinuity in the specific heat at Tc, with ΔC/Tc≈22 mJ/mol K2, as well as a large Meissner-shielding fraction of ≈40%. The isotropically averaged lower and upper critical fields of the optimally doped sample (x=0.2) are estimated to μ0Hc,1(0)≈3.8 mT and μ0Hc,2(0)≈2.3 T, respectively, indicating that these compounds are strongly type-II superconductors.

Abstract

We report on the synthesis and the physical properties of Ba${}_{1-{}x}$Rb${}_{x}$Ti${}_{2}$Sb${}_{2}$O ($x$ $\le$ $0.4$) by x-ray diffraction, superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry, resistivity, and specific-heat measurements. Upon hole doping by substituting Ba with Rb, we find superconductivity with a maximum Tc=5.4 K. Simultaneously, the charge-density-wave transition temperature is strongly reduced from TCDW≈55 K in the parent compound BaTi2Sb2O and seems to be suppressed for x≥0.2. The bulk character of the superconducting state for the optimally doped sample (x=0.2) is confirmed by the occurrence of a well developed discontinuity in the specific heat at Tc, with ΔC/Tc≈22 mJ/mol K2, as well as a large Meissner-shielding fraction of ≈40%. The isotropically averaged lower and upper critical fields of the optimally doped sample (x=0.2) are estimated to μ0Hc,1(0)≈3.8 mT and μ0Hc,2(0)≈2.3 T, respectively, indicating that these compounds are strongly type-II superconductors.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:13 Feb 2015 15:08
Last Modified:27 Apr 2017 23:20
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:1098-0121
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.89.094505

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