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First experience with single-source, dual-energy CCTA for monochromatic stent imaging


Stehli, Julia; Fuchs, Tobias A; Singer, Adrian; Bull, Sacha; Clerc, Olivier F; Possner, Mathias; Gaemperli, Oliver; Buechel, Ronny R; Kaufmann, Philipp A (2014). First experience with single-source, dual-energy CCTA for monochromatic stent imaging. European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Imaging:jeu282.

Abstract

AIMS Single-source, dual-energy coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) with monochromatic image reconstruction allows significant noise reduction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of monochromatic CCTA image reconstruction on coronary stent imaging, as the latter is known to be affected by artefacts from highly attenuating strut material resulting in artificial luminal narrowing. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-one patients with 62 stents underwent invasive coronary angiography and single-source, dual-energy CCTA after stent implantation. Standard polychromatic images as well as eight monochromatic series (50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 120, and 140 keV) were reconstructed for each CCTA. Signal and noise were measured within the stent lumen and in the aortic root. Mean in-stent luminal diameter was assessed in all CCTA reconstructions and compared with quantitative invasive coronary angiography (QCA). Luminal attenuation was higher in the stent than in the aortic root throughout all monochromatic reconstructions (P < 0.001). An increase in monochromatic energy was associated with a decrease in luminal attenuation values (P < 0.001). The mean in-stent luminal diameter underestimation by monochromatic CCTA compared with QCA was 90% at low monochromatic energy (50 keV) and improved to 37% at high monochromatic (140 keV) reconstruction while stent diameter was underestimated by 39% with standard CCTA. CONCLUSION Monochromatic CCTA can be used reliably in patients with coronary stents. However, reconstructions with energies below 80 keV are not recommended as the blooming artefacts are most pronounced at such low energies, resulting in up to 90% stent diameter underestimation.

Abstract

AIMS Single-source, dual-energy coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) with monochromatic image reconstruction allows significant noise reduction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of monochromatic CCTA image reconstruction on coronary stent imaging, as the latter is known to be affected by artefacts from highly attenuating strut material resulting in artificial luminal narrowing. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-one patients with 62 stents underwent invasive coronary angiography and single-source, dual-energy CCTA after stent implantation. Standard polychromatic images as well as eight monochromatic series (50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 120, and 140 keV) were reconstructed for each CCTA. Signal and noise were measured within the stent lumen and in the aortic root. Mean in-stent luminal diameter was assessed in all CCTA reconstructions and compared with quantitative invasive coronary angiography (QCA). Luminal attenuation was higher in the stent than in the aortic root throughout all monochromatic reconstructions (P < 0.001). An increase in monochromatic energy was associated with a decrease in luminal attenuation values (P < 0.001). The mean in-stent luminal diameter underestimation by monochromatic CCTA compared with QCA was 90% at low monochromatic energy (50 keV) and improved to 37% at high monochromatic (140 keV) reconstruction while stent diameter was underestimated by 39% with standard CCTA. CONCLUSION Monochromatic CCTA can be used reliably in patients with coronary stents. However, reconstructions with energies below 80 keV are not recommended as the blooming artefacts are most pronounced at such low energies, resulting in up to 90% stent diameter underestimation.

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9 citations in Web of Science®
11 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:18 December 2014
Deposited On:10 Feb 2015 15:08
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 11:11
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:2047-2404
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jeu282
PubMed ID:25525062

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