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Preclinical randomised safety, efficacy and physiologic study of the silicon dioxide inert-coated Axetis and bare metal stent: Short-, mid- and long-term outcome


Pavo, Noemi; Syeda, Bonni; Bernhart, Andreas; Szentirmai, Eszter; Hemetsberger, Rayyan; Samaha, Eslam; Plass, Christian; Zlabinger, Katrin; Pavo, Imre J; Petrasi, Zsolt; Petnehazy, Ors; Hoerstrup, Simon P; Maurer, Gerald; Gyöngyösi, Mariann (2015). Preclinical randomised safety, efficacy and physiologic study of the silicon dioxide inert-coated Axetis and bare metal stent: Short-, mid- and long-term outcome. EuroIntervention, 11(4):433-441.

Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the short-, mid- and long-term safety, efficacy and vascular physiology of Axetis silicon dioxide (SiO2, abrading the micropores) inert-coated stent implantation in a randomised preclinical setting. Methods and results: Coronary arteries of domestic pigs were randomised to receive either Axetis or BMS (same design) stents with one-, three- and six-month follow-up (FUP), controlled by coronary angiography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and histology (n=32). The time-dependent vasomotor reaction of coronary arteries to stenting was measured using modified myography (n=12). Complete endothelialisation of the Axetis stent was confirmed by OCT, IVUS and histology at one-month FUP. Histopathology revealed continuous healing of the vessel wall with a gradual reduction of inflammation and fibrin score during the six-month FUP in both stent types. Significantly smaller neointimal area and %area stenosis were measured in Axetis stents compared with BMS at each FUP time point. Vascular reactivity measurements showed significantly better endothelium-dependent vasodilation of stented arteries with Axetis implantation. Conclusions: Implantation of the Axetis SiO2-coated stent resulted in a significantly better safety, efficacy and vessel physiology profile compared with BMS of the same design with a continuous decrease in vessel inflammation during the six-month FUP.

Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the short-, mid- and long-term safety, efficacy and vascular physiology of Axetis silicon dioxide (SiO2, abrading the micropores) inert-coated stent implantation in a randomised preclinical setting. Methods and results: Coronary arteries of domestic pigs were randomised to receive either Axetis or BMS (same design) stents with one-, three- and six-month follow-up (FUP), controlled by coronary angiography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and histology (n=32). The time-dependent vasomotor reaction of coronary arteries to stenting was measured using modified myography (n=12). Complete endothelialisation of the Axetis stent was confirmed by OCT, IVUS and histology at one-month FUP. Histopathology revealed continuous healing of the vessel wall with a gradual reduction of inflammation and fibrin score during the six-month FUP in both stent types. Significantly smaller neointimal area and %area stenosis were measured in Axetis stents compared with BMS at each FUP time point. Vascular reactivity measurements showed significantly better endothelium-dependent vasodilation of stented arteries with Axetis implantation. Conclusions: Implantation of the Axetis SiO2-coated stent resulted in a significantly better safety, efficacy and vessel physiology profile compared with BMS of the same design with a continuous decrease in vessel inflammation during the six-month FUP.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:22 August 2015
Deposited On:19 Feb 2015 11:59
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:57
Publisher:Europa Edition
ISSN:1774-024X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4244/EIJV11I4A85
PubMed ID:24769439

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