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A novel urodynamic model for lower urinary tract assessment in awake rats


Schneider, Marc P; Hughes, Francis M; Engmann, Anne K; Purves, J Todd; Kasper, Hansjörg; Tedaldi, Marco; Spruill, Laura S; Gullo, Miriam; Schwab, Martin E; Kessler, Thomas M (2015). A novel urodynamic model for lower urinary tract assessment in awake rats. BJU International, 115:8-15.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To develop a urodynamic model incorporating external urethral sphincter (EUS) electromyography (EMG) in awake rats.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bladder catheters and EUS EMG electrodes were implanted in female Sprague Dawley rats. Assessments were performed in awake, lightly restrained animals on postoperative day 12-14. Measurements were repeated in the same animal on day 16 under urethane anesthesia. Urodynamics and EUS EMG were performed simultaneously. In addition, serum creatinine and bladder histology was assessed.
RESULTS: No significant differences in urodynamic parameters were found between bladder catheter only versus bladder catheter and EUS EMG electrode groups. Urethane anesthesia evoked prominent changes in both urodynamic parameters and EUS EMG. Serum creatinine was within the normal limits in all animals. Bladder weight and bladder wall thickness were significantly increased in both the bladder catheter only and the bladder catheter and EUS EMG group compared to controls.
CONCLUSIONS: Our novel urodynamic model allows repetitive measurements of both bladder and EUS function at different time points in the same animal under fully awake conditions and opens promising avenues to investigate LUTD in a translational approach.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To develop a urodynamic model incorporating external urethral sphincter (EUS) electromyography (EMG) in awake rats.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bladder catheters and EUS EMG electrodes were implanted in female Sprague Dawley rats. Assessments were performed in awake, lightly restrained animals on postoperative day 12-14. Measurements were repeated in the same animal on day 16 under urethane anesthesia. Urodynamics and EUS EMG were performed simultaneously. In addition, serum creatinine and bladder histology was assessed.
RESULTS: No significant differences in urodynamic parameters were found between bladder catheter only versus bladder catheter and EUS EMG electrode groups. Urethane anesthesia evoked prominent changes in both urodynamic parameters and EUS EMG. Serum creatinine was within the normal limits in all animals. Bladder weight and bladder wall thickness were significantly increased in both the bladder catheter only and the bladder catheter and EUS EMG group compared to controls.
CONCLUSIONS: Our novel urodynamic model allows repetitive measurements of both bladder and EUS function at different time points in the same animal under fully awake conditions and opens promising avenues to investigate LUTD in a translational approach.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
04 Faculty of Medicine > Brain Research Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:18 January 2015
Deposited On:29 Jan 2015 13:09
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:57
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1464-4096
Additional Information:This is the accepted version of the following article: [Schneider, Marc P; Hughes, Francis M; Engmann, Anne K; Purves, J Todd; Kasper, Hansjörg; Tedaldi, Marco; Spruill, Laura S; Gullo, Miriam; Schwab, Martin E; Kessler, Thomas M (2015). A novel urodynamic model for lower urinary tract assessment in awake rats. BJU International:Epub ahead of print.], which has been published in final form at [http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bju.13039/abstract].
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/bju.13039
PubMed ID:25597776

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