Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Immunomodulatory effects of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 on monocytic cell differentiation and influence of vitamin D3 polymorphisms in type 1 diabetes


Mauf, Sabrina; Penna-Martinez, Marissa; Jentzsch, Thorsten; Ackermann, Hanns; Henrich, Dirk; Radeke, Heinfried H; Brück, Patrick; Badenhoop, Klaus; Ramos-Lopez, Elizabeth (2015). Immunomodulatory effects of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 on monocytic cell differentiation and influence of vitamin D3 polymorphisms in type 1 diabetes. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 147:17-23.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Preventive measures and a causal therapy for type 1 diabetes (T1D) remain elusive. An imbalance between different dendritic cells (DC) with increased immunogenic DC and decreased tolerogenic DC (tDC) may lead to T1D. Furthermore, 25(OH)D3 is associated with less adverse effects than 1,25(OH)2D3.

PURPOSE

The present study was performed to clarify the remaining issues about the cellular effects of 25(OH)D3 in patients with T1D and the role of genetic polymorphisms of the vitamin D3 (VD3) metabolism on a functional cellular level.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Twelve patients with T1D were case-matched to twelve healthy controls (HC). Monocytes (MC) were either not supplemented or supplemented with 25(OH)D3 in vitro and phenotyped with fluorescence-activated cell sorting. In vitro synthesis and plasma levels of 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH)2D3 were analyzed as well as twelve gene polymorphisms of the VD3 metabolism.

RESULTS

25(OH)D3 significantly inhibited differentiation of MC into DC and led to an increase of intermediate cells (IC), which show a similar phenotype as tDC. The patient with a recent onset of T1D showed a higher increase in MC and IC compared to patients with long-standing T1D. There were significant differences for the increase of IC with supplementation of 25(OH)D3 between different genotypes within the polymorphisms of VDR-BsmI-rs1544410, VDR-TaqI-rs731236 and CYP24A1-rs927650.

CONCLUSION

This study suggests that 25(OH)D3 shows immunomodulatory effects on a cellular level in patients with T1D and HC by inhibiting the differentiation of MC into DC and promoting the formation of IC, which are similar to tDC, thereby shifting immunity to self-tolerance. The potency of 25(OH)D3 did not differ between patients with T1D and HC. Increased plasma levels of 25(OH)D3 may inhibit a proinflammatory cell milieu. Despite of the limited patient number, this study generates the hypothesis that the immunmodulatory effects may be influenced by genotypes of the VDR and CYP24A1 illustrating their functional role in T1D susceptibility, which is worth further investigation.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Preventive measures and a causal therapy for type 1 diabetes (T1D) remain elusive. An imbalance between different dendritic cells (DC) with increased immunogenic DC and decreased tolerogenic DC (tDC) may lead to T1D. Furthermore, 25(OH)D3 is associated with less adverse effects than 1,25(OH)2D3.

PURPOSE

The present study was performed to clarify the remaining issues about the cellular effects of 25(OH)D3 in patients with T1D and the role of genetic polymorphisms of the vitamin D3 (VD3) metabolism on a functional cellular level.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Twelve patients with T1D were case-matched to twelve healthy controls (HC). Monocytes (MC) were either not supplemented or supplemented with 25(OH)D3 in vitro and phenotyped with fluorescence-activated cell sorting. In vitro synthesis and plasma levels of 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH)2D3 were analyzed as well as twelve gene polymorphisms of the VD3 metabolism.

RESULTS

25(OH)D3 significantly inhibited differentiation of MC into DC and led to an increase of intermediate cells (IC), which show a similar phenotype as tDC. The patient with a recent onset of T1D showed a higher increase in MC and IC compared to patients with long-standing T1D. There were significant differences for the increase of IC with supplementation of 25(OH)D3 between different genotypes within the polymorphisms of VDR-BsmI-rs1544410, VDR-TaqI-rs731236 and CYP24A1-rs927650.

CONCLUSION

This study suggests that 25(OH)D3 shows immunomodulatory effects on a cellular level in patients with T1D and HC by inhibiting the differentiation of MC into DC and promoting the formation of IC, which are similar to tDC, thereby shifting immunity to self-tolerance. The potency of 25(OH)D3 did not differ between patients with T1D and HC. Increased plasma levels of 25(OH)D3 may inhibit a proinflammatory cell milieu. Despite of the limited patient number, this study generates the hypothesis that the immunmodulatory effects may be influenced by genotypes of the VDR and CYP24A1 illustrating their functional role in T1D susceptibility, which is worth further investigation.

Statistics

Citations

8 citations in Web of Science®
10 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Trauma Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:7 November 2015
Deposited On:23 Feb 2015 13:10
Last Modified:05 Jan 2017 14:49
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0960-0760
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsbmb.2014.11.001
PubMed ID:25448747

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations