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The inflammasomes in autoinflammatory diseases with skin involvement


Beer, Hans-Dietmar; Contassot, Emmanuel; French, Lars E (2014). The inflammasomes in autoinflammatory diseases with skin involvement. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 134(7):1805-10.

Abstract

During the past years, significant progress in the understanding of the complexity, regulation, and relevance of innate immune responses underlying several inflammatory conditions with neutrophilic skin involvement has been made. These diseases belong to the novel class of autoinflammatory diseases, and several are caused by mutations in genes regulating the function of innate immune complexes, termed inflammasomes, leading to enhanced secretion of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β. Consequently, targeting of IL-1β has proven successful in the treatment of these diseases, and the identification of related pathogenic mechanisms in other more common skin diseases characterized by autoinflammation and neutrophilic tissue damage also provides extended opportunities for therapy by interfering with IL-1 signaling.

Abstract

During the past years, significant progress in the understanding of the complexity, regulation, and relevance of innate immune responses underlying several inflammatory conditions with neutrophilic skin involvement has been made. These diseases belong to the novel class of autoinflammatory diseases, and several are caused by mutations in genes regulating the function of innate immune complexes, termed inflammasomes, leading to enhanced secretion of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β. Consequently, targeting of IL-1β has proven successful in the treatment of these diseases, and the identification of related pathogenic mechanisms in other more common skin diseases characterized by autoinflammation and neutrophilic tissue damage also provides extended opportunities for therapy by interfering with IL-1 signaling.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:July 2014
Deposited On:26 Feb 2015 12:36
Last Modified:14 Feb 2018 23:20
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-202X
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/jid.2014.76
PubMed ID:24599175

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