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Donning Devices (Foot Slips and Frames) Enable Elderly People with Severe Chronic Venous Insufficiency to put on Compression Stockings


Sippel, K; Seifert, Burkhardt; Hafner, J (2015). Donning Devices (Foot Slips and Frames) Enable Elderly People with Severe Chronic Venous Insufficiency to put on Compression Stockings. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, 49(2):221-229.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND Compression therapy is highly effective in the treatment of post-thrombotic syndrome and venous leg ulcer. On average, 50-60% of the patients cooperate with compression therapy. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the user-friendliness. This prospective study investigated whether the use of donning devices can contribute to improving user-friendliness.

METHODS Forty patients aged >65 years with severe chronic venous insufficiency (CVI; C4-C6) successively donned compression stockings in a randomized order: one 40 mmHg (CS40) or two superimposed 20 mmHg (CS20+20), each with open toe (CS-o-t) and closed toe (CS-c-t), using donning devices (three foot slips for CS-o-t; two foot slips and three frames for CS-c-t). The study endpoint was that the stocking was completely donned and correctly positioned on the patient's leg. The success rate and its association with age, sex, first time versus second time user, body mass index, abdominal circumference, ability to reach the forefoot with the hand, and hand grip strength were analyzed. Additionally, subjective evaluation by the patients was performed.

RESULTS Without donning devices, success with CS40-c-t was 60% (24/40 patients) and with CS20+20-c-t 70% (28/40 patients) (p = .220). Using donning devices increased success rates significantly. With CS40-o-t the success rate was 88% (35/40 patients; p = .001) and with CS40-c-t it was 90% (36/40 patients; p = .002). With CS20+20-o-t and CS20+20-c-t, the success rate was 88% (35/40 patients; p = .016). The proportion of patients who successfully used either CS40 or CS20+20 increased from 73% to 93%. Relevant for the patients' success was the ability to reach the forefoot with the hand, and hand grip strength. Subjectively, donning with a device was rated significantly better than without.

CONCLUSION Donning devices significantly improve the ability of elderly patients with CVI to don compression stockings successfully. However, there are differences in user-friendliness among the devices..

Abstract

OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND Compression therapy is highly effective in the treatment of post-thrombotic syndrome and venous leg ulcer. On average, 50-60% of the patients cooperate with compression therapy. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the user-friendliness. This prospective study investigated whether the use of donning devices can contribute to improving user-friendliness.

METHODS Forty patients aged >65 years with severe chronic venous insufficiency (CVI; C4-C6) successively donned compression stockings in a randomized order: one 40 mmHg (CS40) or two superimposed 20 mmHg (CS20+20), each with open toe (CS-o-t) and closed toe (CS-c-t), using donning devices (three foot slips for CS-o-t; two foot slips and three frames for CS-c-t). The study endpoint was that the stocking was completely donned and correctly positioned on the patient's leg. The success rate and its association with age, sex, first time versus second time user, body mass index, abdominal circumference, ability to reach the forefoot with the hand, and hand grip strength were analyzed. Additionally, subjective evaluation by the patients was performed.

RESULTS Without donning devices, success with CS40-c-t was 60% (24/40 patients) and with CS20+20-c-t 70% (28/40 patients) (p = .220). Using donning devices increased success rates significantly. With CS40-o-t the success rate was 88% (35/40 patients; p = .001) and with CS40-c-t it was 90% (36/40 patients; p = .002). With CS20+20-o-t and CS20+20-c-t, the success rate was 88% (35/40 patients; p = .016). The proportion of patients who successfully used either CS40 or CS20+20 increased from 73% to 93%. Relevant for the patients' success was the ability to reach the forefoot with the hand, and hand grip strength. Subjectively, donning with a device was rated significantly better than without.

CONCLUSION Donning devices significantly improve the ability of elderly patients with CVI to don compression stockings successfully. However, there are differences in user-friendliness among the devices..

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2015
Deposited On:17 Feb 2015 15:11
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 12:06
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1078-5884
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2014.11.005
PubMed ID:25579875

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