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Pedogenic carbonate formation: Recrystallization versus migration—Process rates and periods assessed by 14C labeling


Gocke, Martina; Pustovoytov, Konstantin; Kuzyakov, Yakov (2012). Pedogenic carbonate formation: Recrystallization versus migration—Process rates and periods assessed by 14C labeling. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26(1):n/a.

Abstract

Under arid to semihumid climatic conditions, dissolution of primary carbonate and recrystallization with carbon (C) from soil CO₂ leads to accumulation of significant amounts of pedogenic (secondary) carbonate. Most soils of arid and semiarid regions contain a carbonate accumulation horizon, the depth of which is related to climatic conditions and properties of parent material. It remains unclear whether this carbonate migrates from the upper horizons before or after recrystallization with soil CO₂. The aim of this study was to determine recrystallization rates during initial pedogenesis and to estimate the accumulation depth of secondary carbonate based on C isotopic exchange during secondary carbonate formation in an experiment with alternating moisture conditions. Maize grown on 1 m high loess-filled columns was pulse labeled in ¹⁴CO₂ atmosphere every 3 weeks. After 6 months, portions of secondary (recrystallized) CaCO₃3 were determined in 5 cm segments, based on ¹⁴C respired in the rhizosphere and subsequently incorporated into newly formed secondary carbonate. More than 80% of recrystallized carbonate (Ca¹⁴CO₃) was leached from the uppermost 15 cm of the loess column, and more than 70% of total secondary carbonate were accumulated in a depth between 15 and 50 cm. Based on the recrystallization rate calculated for the uppermost 15 cm of the loess column (1.77 ±� 0.26 ⋅ 10⁻⁵ day⁻¹), between 300 and more than 1,700 years are necessary for complete decalcification of the upper 15 cm. Our modeled data are consistent with formation of calcic horizons under relatively humid conditions.

Abstract

Under arid to semihumid climatic conditions, dissolution of primary carbonate and recrystallization with carbon (C) from soil CO₂ leads to accumulation of significant amounts of pedogenic (secondary) carbonate. Most soils of arid and semiarid regions contain a carbonate accumulation horizon, the depth of which is related to climatic conditions and properties of parent material. It remains unclear whether this carbonate migrates from the upper horizons before or after recrystallization with soil CO₂. The aim of this study was to determine recrystallization rates during initial pedogenesis and to estimate the accumulation depth of secondary carbonate based on C isotopic exchange during secondary carbonate formation in an experiment with alternating moisture conditions. Maize grown on 1 m high loess-filled columns was pulse labeled in ¹⁴CO₂ atmosphere every 3 weeks. After 6 months, portions of secondary (recrystallized) CaCO₃3 were determined in 5 cm segments, based on ¹⁴C respired in the rhizosphere and subsequently incorporated into newly formed secondary carbonate. More than 80% of recrystallized carbonate (Ca¹⁴CO₃) was leached from the uppermost 15 cm of the loess column, and more than 70% of total secondary carbonate were accumulated in a depth between 15 and 50 cm. Based on the recrystallization rate calculated for the uppermost 15 cm of the loess column (1.77 ±� 0.26 ⋅ 10⁻⁵ day⁻¹), between 300 and more than 1,700 years are necessary for complete decalcification of the upper 15 cm. Our modeled data are consistent with formation of calcic horizons under relatively humid conditions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:12 Mar 2015 14:41
Last Modified:28 Apr 2017 00:06
Publisher:American Geophysical Union
ISSN:0886-6236
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GB003871

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