Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Cardiovascular drug utilization and its determinants in unselected medical patients with ischemic heart disease


Spiess, Andreas; Roos, Malgorzata; Frisullo, Roberto; Stocker, David; Braunschweig, Suzanne; Follath, Ferenc; Meier, Peter J; Fattinger, Karin (2002). Cardiovascular drug utilization and its determinants in unselected medical patients with ischemic heart disease. European Journal of Internal Medicine, 13(1):57-64.

Abstract

Background: In patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD), secondary preventive drug therapy improves overall prognosis. Therefore, this study evaluated cardiovascular drug utilization in patients suffering from IHD, identified factors influencing drug utilization, and determined the prevalence of shortfalls of antithrombotic, beta-blocker, and lipid-lowering drug use. Methods: This study is based on data recorded prospectively between 1996 and 1998 in two Swiss teaching hospitals for the SAS/CHDM pharmacoepidemiologic database project. Drug utilization was evaluated in all 987 monitored medical inpatients with IHD. Results: At discharge, only 64% of patients with IHD received platelet aggregation inhibitors, 42% beta-blockers, and 26% lipid-lowering drugs. Secondary preventive drugs were more frequently administered to patients with acute myocardial infarction and less frequently in the elderly. After including other co-factors, no gender difference could be detected. Shortfalls of antithrombotic therapy occurred in 6.5--8.3% of patients and shortfalls in beta-blocker use in 9.9--23.3%. Only about half of all patients with IHD and elevated cholesterol received lipid-lowering drugs. Conclusions: Drugs for secondary prevention are prescribed to the majority of patients with IHD. However, their use could be further increased, especially in the elderly and in patients with IHD who are admitted to the hospital for reasons other than acute myocardial infarction. Lipid-lowering drugs should also be prescribed more often for patients with hypercholesterolemia.

Abstract

Background: In patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD), secondary preventive drug therapy improves overall prognosis. Therefore, this study evaluated cardiovascular drug utilization in patients suffering from IHD, identified factors influencing drug utilization, and determined the prevalence of shortfalls of antithrombotic, beta-blocker, and lipid-lowering drug use. Methods: This study is based on data recorded prospectively between 1996 and 1998 in two Swiss teaching hospitals for the SAS/CHDM pharmacoepidemiologic database project. Drug utilization was evaluated in all 987 monitored medical inpatients with IHD. Results: At discharge, only 64% of patients with IHD received platelet aggregation inhibitors, 42% beta-blockers, and 26% lipid-lowering drugs. Secondary preventive drugs were more frequently administered to patients with acute myocardial infarction and less frequently in the elderly. After including other co-factors, no gender difference could be detected. Shortfalls of antithrombotic therapy occurred in 6.5--8.3% of patients and shortfalls in beta-blocker use in 9.9--23.3%. Only about half of all patients with IHD and elevated cholesterol received lipid-lowering drugs. Conclusions: Drugs for secondary prevention are prescribed to the majority of patients with IHD. However, their use could be further increased, especially in the elderly and in patients with IHD who are admitted to the hospital for reasons other than acute myocardial infarction. Lipid-lowering drugs should also be prescribed more often for patients with hypercholesterolemia.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2002
Deposited On:11 Mar 2015 16:45
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 12:30
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0953-6205
PubMed ID:11836084

Download

Full text not available from this repository.