Considering the legal situation the canton of Lucerne is addressed to make his contribution to health promotion and prevention. His target groups are authorities on cantonal and community levels, specialised organisations and other health professionals, as for example physicians and pharmacists. The objectives of this study are to survey the health promotional and preventive activities, to evaluate the needs of the target groups as well as to focus on the opportunities of improved cooperation. Based on these results recommendations to the cantonal health authorities will be formulated. As far as the allocation of financial and personal resources are concerned health promotion and prevention do not figure as top priorities. Besides, the study results suggest to improve the cooperation between political representatives and health professionals. The cantonal health promotion authorities are well known among the target groups. However, cooperation could be intensified on all levels of action and is regarded as most desirable. A mutual forum focused on information and experience transfer would support these results and could stimulate joint projects. In addition, the needs of the communities have to be given special attention.