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Dosimetry and First Clinical Evaluation of the New 18F-Radiolabeled Bombesin Analogue BAY 864367 in Patients with Prostate Cancer


Sah, Bert-Ram; Burger, Irene A; Schibli, Roger; Friebe, Matthias; Dinkelborg, Ludger; Graham, Keith; Borkowski, Sandra; Bacher-Stier, Claudia; Valencia, Ray; Srinivasan, Ananth; Hany, Thomas F; Mu, Linjing; Wild, Peter J; Schaefer, Niklaus G (2015). Dosimetry and First Clinical Evaluation of the New 18F-Radiolabeled Bombesin Analogue BAY 864367 in Patients with Prostate Cancer. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 56(3):372-378.

Abstract

UNLABELLED The aim of this first-in-man study was to demonstrate the feasibility, safety, and tolerability, as well as provide dosimetric data and evaluate the imaging properties, of the bombesin analogue BAY 864367 for PET/CT in a small group of patients with primary and recurrent prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS Ten patients with biopsy-proven PCa (5 with primary PCa and 5 with prostate-specific antigen recurrence after radical prostatectomy) were prospectively selected for this exploratory clinical trial with BAY 864367, a new (18)F-labeled bombesin analogue. PET scans were assessed at 6 time points, up to 110 min after intravenous administration of 302 ± 11 MBq of BAY 864367. Imaging results were compared with (18)F-fluorocholine PET/CT scans. Dosimetry was calculated using the OLINDA/EXM software. RESULTS Three of 5 patients with primary disease showed positive tumor delineation in the prostate, and 2 of 5 patients with biochemical relapse showed a lesion suggestive of recurrence on the BAY 864367 scan. Tumor-to-background ratio averaged 12.9 ± 7.0. The ratio of malignant prostate tissue to normal prostate tissue was 4.4 ± 0.6 in 3 patients with tracer uptake in the primary PCa. Mean effective dose was 4.3 ± 0.3 mSv/patient (range, 3.7-4.9 mSv). CONCLUSION BAY 864367, a novel (18)F-labeled bombesin tracer, was successfully investigated in a first-in-man clinical trial of PCa and showed favorable dosimetric values. Additionally, the application was safe and well tolerated. The tracer delineated tumors in a subset of patients, demonstrating the potential of gastrin-releasing-peptide receptor imaging.

Abstract

UNLABELLED The aim of this first-in-man study was to demonstrate the feasibility, safety, and tolerability, as well as provide dosimetric data and evaluate the imaging properties, of the bombesin analogue BAY 864367 for PET/CT in a small group of patients with primary and recurrent prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS Ten patients with biopsy-proven PCa (5 with primary PCa and 5 with prostate-specific antigen recurrence after radical prostatectomy) were prospectively selected for this exploratory clinical trial with BAY 864367, a new (18)F-labeled bombesin analogue. PET scans were assessed at 6 time points, up to 110 min after intravenous administration of 302 ± 11 MBq of BAY 864367. Imaging results were compared with (18)F-fluorocholine PET/CT scans. Dosimetry was calculated using the OLINDA/EXM software. RESULTS Three of 5 patients with primary disease showed positive tumor delineation in the prostate, and 2 of 5 patients with biochemical relapse showed a lesion suggestive of recurrence on the BAY 864367 scan. Tumor-to-background ratio averaged 12.9 ± 7.0. The ratio of malignant prostate tissue to normal prostate tissue was 4.4 ± 0.6 in 3 patients with tracer uptake in the primary PCa. Mean effective dose was 4.3 ± 0.3 mSv/patient (range, 3.7-4.9 mSv). CONCLUSION BAY 864367, a novel (18)F-labeled bombesin tracer, was successfully investigated in a first-in-man clinical trial of PCa and showed favorable dosimetric values. Additionally, the application was safe and well tolerated. The tracer delineated tumors in a subset of patients, demonstrating the potential of gastrin-releasing-peptide receptor imaging.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:March 2015
Deposited On:02 Apr 2015 07:32
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 12:40
Publisher:Society of Nuclear Medicine
ISSN:0161-5505
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.114.147116
PubMed ID:25678494

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