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Oestrogen receptor gene (ESR1) amplification is frequent in endometrial carcinoma and its precursor lesions


Lebeau, A; Grob, T J; Holst, F; Seyedi-Fazlollahi, N; Moch, H; Terracciano, L; Turzynski, A; Choschzick, M; Sauter, G; Simon, R (2008). Oestrogen receptor gene (ESR1) amplification is frequent in endometrial carcinoma and its precursor lesions. Journal of Pathology, 216(2):151-157.

Abstract

Oestrogen receptor alpha (ER) plays a critical, diverse and not fully understood role in endometrial carcinoma. Most endometrial carcinomas express ER and some of these tumours respond favourably to anti-oestrogen therapy. On the other hand, tamoxifen therapy constitutes a major risk factor for endometrial carcinoma development. Amplification of the ESR1 gene encoding ER was recently shown to constitute a mechanism for ER over-expression in breast carcinoma. This study was designed to determine the potential role of ESR1 amplifications in endometrial carcinoma. Tissue microarrays of 368 endometrial carcinomas and large sections of 43 cases of endometrial hyperplasia were analysed for ESR1 gene amplification and ER protein expression by means of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry. FISH revealed ESR1 amplification in 40/176 (23%) cancers, 6/19 (32%) atypical complex hyperplasias, 3/10 (30%) complex hyperplasias without atypia and 2/14 (14%) simple hyperplasias without atypia. Strong ER protein expression was significantly linked to ESR1 amplification in endometrial carcinoma (p = 0.0036). These data indicate that ESR1 amplification might be one mechanism for ER over-expression in endometrial carcinoma, and suggest an early role for ESR1 amplification in the development of a significant fraction of endometrial carcinoma. Given the predictive role of ESR1 amplification for tamoxifen response in breast carcinoma, it will be interesting to investigate the response of ESR1-amplified endometrial cancers to anti-oestrogenic drugs.

Abstract

Oestrogen receptor alpha (ER) plays a critical, diverse and not fully understood role in endometrial carcinoma. Most endometrial carcinomas express ER and some of these tumours respond favourably to anti-oestrogen therapy. On the other hand, tamoxifen therapy constitutes a major risk factor for endometrial carcinoma development. Amplification of the ESR1 gene encoding ER was recently shown to constitute a mechanism for ER over-expression in breast carcinoma. This study was designed to determine the potential role of ESR1 amplifications in endometrial carcinoma. Tissue microarrays of 368 endometrial carcinomas and large sections of 43 cases of endometrial hyperplasia were analysed for ESR1 gene amplification and ER protein expression by means of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry. FISH revealed ESR1 amplification in 40/176 (23%) cancers, 6/19 (32%) atypical complex hyperplasias, 3/10 (30%) complex hyperplasias without atypia and 2/14 (14%) simple hyperplasias without atypia. Strong ER protein expression was significantly linked to ESR1 amplification in endometrial carcinoma (p = 0.0036). These data indicate that ESR1 amplification might be one mechanism for ER over-expression in endometrial carcinoma, and suggest an early role for ESR1 amplification in the development of a significant fraction of endometrial carcinoma. Given the predictive role of ESR1 amplification for tamoxifen response in breast carcinoma, it will be interesting to investigate the response of ESR1-amplified endometrial cancers to anti-oestrogenic drugs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:23 Jan 2009 07:23
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 17:08
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0022-3417
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/path.2405
PubMed ID:18720455

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