Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Which factors drive the skill-mix of migrants in the long-run?


Beerli, Andreas; Indergand, Ronald (2015). Which factors drive the skill-mix of migrants in the long-run? UBS Center Working Paper Series 12, University of Zurich : UBS International Center of Economics in Society.

Abstract

A pervasive, yet little acknowledged feature of international migration to developed countries is that newly arriving immigrants are increasingly highly skilled. This paper analyses the factors affecting the change in the skill composition of immigrants in Switzerland between 1980 and 2010 using a framework suggested by Grogger & Hanson (2011). Our findings suggest that improved schooling in origin countries of immigrants and a shift in the relative demand for highly educated workers in destinations stand out as the two most important drivers. Yet, while improved schooling would predict only a modest increase in the share of highly educated immigrants and a large increase of middle educated immigrants, we show that demand shifts associated with computerisation are crucial to understand why the share of highly educated immigrants increased sharply while the share of middle educated workers merely stabilised. Additionally, our framework allows evaluating the effect of changes in immigration policy. We find that the recent abolition of quotas for workers from European countries through a bilateral agreement with the EU in 2002 had a small but negative effect on the educational quality of immigrants.

Abstract

A pervasive, yet little acknowledged feature of international migration to developed countries is that newly arriving immigrants are increasingly highly skilled. This paper analyses the factors affecting the change in the skill composition of immigrants in Switzerland between 1980 and 2010 using a framework suggested by Grogger & Hanson (2011). Our findings suggest that improved schooling in origin countries of immigrants and a shift in the relative demand for highly educated workers in destinations stand out as the two most important drivers. Yet, while improved schooling would predict only a modest increase in the share of highly educated immigrants and a large increase of middle educated immigrants, we show that demand shifts associated with computerisation are crucial to understand why the share of highly educated immigrants increased sharply while the share of middle educated workers merely stabilised. Additionally, our framework allows evaluating the effect of changes in immigration policy. We find that the recent abolition of quotas for workers from European countries through a bilateral agreement with the EU in 2002 had a small but negative effect on the educational quality of immigrants.

Statistics

Downloads

35 downloads since deposited on 22 Apr 2015
13 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
03 Faculty of Economics > UBS International Center of Economics in Society
Working Paper Series > UBS Center Working Paper Series
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
JEL Classification:F22, J61, J24, J31
Uncontrolled Keywords:International migration, self selection, migration policy, job polarisation
Language:English
Date:April 2015
Deposited On:22 Apr 2015 09:45
Last Modified:16 Aug 2017 08:22
Series Name:UBS Center Working Paper Series
Number of Pages:55
ISSN:2296-2778
Official URL:http://www.ubscenter.uzh.ch/assets/workingpapers/WP12_Which_Factors_Drive_the_SkillMix_of_Migrants_in_the_LongRun.pdf
Related URLs:http://www.ubscenter.uzh.ch/en/publications/workingpapers

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB