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Identification of stanniocalcin 2 as prognostic marker in renal cell carcinoma


Meyer, H A; Tölle, A; Jung, M; Fritzsche, F R; Haendler, B; Kristiansen, I; Gaspert, A; Johannsen, M; Jung, K; Kristiansen, G (2009). Identification of stanniocalcin 2 as prognostic marker in renal cell carcinoma. European Urology, 55(3):669-678.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: For an individualized therapy in renal cell carcinoma (RCC), there is a clear need for novel prognostic biomarkers to ensure adequate risk stratification and help with the choice of therapy options. OBJECTIVE: To identify new secreted biomarkers for diagnosis and estimation of prognosis in RCC. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A meta-analysis of published microarray data was performed. Stanniocalcin 2 (STC2), a glycoprotein hormone that is involved in regulatory effects on calcium and phosphate transport in the kidney, was found overexpressed in tumors and hence analyzed in detail. Kidney tissue samples derived from 108 patients with RCC undergoing radical nephrectomy between July 2003 and January 2006 were used to validate and estimate the potential of STC2 as a biomarker for RCC. MEASUREMENTS: STC2, found upregulated in clear cell RCC, was analyzed in detail using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, STC2 protein expression determined on a tissue microarray was correlated to clinical pathologic parameters, including patient survival. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: STC2 was upregulated at the mRNA and protein levels in RCC. In normal renal tissue, STC2 expression was limited to distal tubuli and glomeruli, whereas in tumor a strong cytoplasmic and also membranous staining was detected. STC2 expression was found in clear cell, chromophobe, and papillary RCC. Strong cytoplasmic STC2 expression was significantly associated with shorter patient survival in Kaplan-Meier analyses. In the group of patients without metastases, cytoplasmic STC2 expression was also found as a significant independent risk factor in multivariate analysis. A limitation of the study is the small number of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Increased cytoplasmic STC2 expression correlated with conventional indicators of aggressiveness of RCC and shorter overall patient survival times. STC2 could become an adjunct tissue biomarker that may be useful in the postoperative risk stratification of RCC patients.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: For an individualized therapy in renal cell carcinoma (RCC), there is a clear need for novel prognostic biomarkers to ensure adequate risk stratification and help with the choice of therapy options. OBJECTIVE: To identify new secreted biomarkers for diagnosis and estimation of prognosis in RCC. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A meta-analysis of published microarray data was performed. Stanniocalcin 2 (STC2), a glycoprotein hormone that is involved in regulatory effects on calcium and phosphate transport in the kidney, was found overexpressed in tumors and hence analyzed in detail. Kidney tissue samples derived from 108 patients with RCC undergoing radical nephrectomy between July 2003 and January 2006 were used to validate and estimate the potential of STC2 as a biomarker for RCC. MEASUREMENTS: STC2, found upregulated in clear cell RCC, was analyzed in detail using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, STC2 protein expression determined on a tissue microarray was correlated to clinical pathologic parameters, including patient survival. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: STC2 was upregulated at the mRNA and protein levels in RCC. In normal renal tissue, STC2 expression was limited to distal tubuli and glomeruli, whereas in tumor a strong cytoplasmic and also membranous staining was detected. STC2 expression was found in clear cell, chromophobe, and papillary RCC. Strong cytoplasmic STC2 expression was significantly associated with shorter patient survival in Kaplan-Meier analyses. In the group of patients without metastases, cytoplasmic STC2 expression was also found as a significant independent risk factor in multivariate analysis. A limitation of the study is the small number of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Increased cytoplasmic STC2 expression correlated with conventional indicators of aggressiveness of RCC and shorter overall patient survival times. STC2 could become an adjunct tissue biomarker that may be useful in the postoperative risk stratification of RCC patients.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:March 2009
Deposited On:23 Jan 2009 10:38
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:52
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0302-2838
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2008.04.001
PubMed ID:18450365

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