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Interreader and inter-test agreement in assessing treatment response following transarterial embolization for hepatocellular carcinoma


Donati, Olivio F; Do, Richard Kinh Gian; Hötker, Andreas M; Katz, Seth S; Zheng, Junting; Moskowitz, Chaya S; Beattie, Christopher; Brown, Karen T (2015). Interreader and inter-test agreement in assessing treatment response following transarterial embolization for hepatocellular carcinoma. European Radiology, 25(9):2779-2788.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE In this study we investigated the potential prognostic role of morphological and PURPOSE To evaluate interreader and inter-test agreement in applying size- and necrosis-based response assessment criteria after transarterial embolization (TAE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), applying two different methods of European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) criteria. METHODS Seventy-four patients (median age, 67 years) from a prospectively accrued study population were included in this retrospective study. Four radiologists independently evaluated CT data at 2-3 (1st follow-up, FU) and 10-12 (2nd FU) weeks after TAE and assessed treatment response using size-based (WHO, RECIST) and necrosis-based (mRECIST, EASL) criteria. Enhancing tissue was bidimensionally measured (EASLmeas) and also visually estimated (EASLest). Interreader and inter-test agreements were assessed using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and κ statistics. RESULTS Interreader agreement for all response assessment methods ranged from moderate to substantial (κ = 0.578-0.700) at 1st FU and was substantial (κ = 0.716-0.780) at 2nd FU. Inter-test agreement was substantial between WHO and RECIST (κ = 0.610-0.799, 1st FU; κ = 0.655-0.782, 2nd FU) and excellent between EASLmeas and EASLest (κ = 0.899-0.918, 1st FU; κ = 0.843-0.877, 2nd FU). CONCLUSION Size- and necrosis-based criteria both show moderate to excellent interreader agreement in evaluating treatment response after TAE for HCC. Inter-test agreement regarding EASLmeas and EASLest was excellent, suggesting that either may be used. KEY POINTS • Applying EASL criteria, visual estimation and bidimensional measurements show comparable interreader agreement. • EASL meas and EASL est show substantial interreader agreement for treatment response in HCC. • Agreement was excellent for EASL meas and EASL est after TAE of HCC. • Visual estimation of enhancement is adequate to assess treatment response of HCC.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE In this study we investigated the potential prognostic role of morphological and PURPOSE To evaluate interreader and inter-test agreement in applying size- and necrosis-based response assessment criteria after transarterial embolization (TAE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), applying two different methods of European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) criteria. METHODS Seventy-four patients (median age, 67 years) from a prospectively accrued study population were included in this retrospective study. Four radiologists independently evaluated CT data at 2-3 (1st follow-up, FU) and 10-12 (2nd FU) weeks after TAE and assessed treatment response using size-based (WHO, RECIST) and necrosis-based (mRECIST, EASL) criteria. Enhancing tissue was bidimensionally measured (EASLmeas) and also visually estimated (EASLest). Interreader and inter-test agreements were assessed using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and κ statistics. RESULTS Interreader agreement for all response assessment methods ranged from moderate to substantial (κ = 0.578-0.700) at 1st FU and was substantial (κ = 0.716-0.780) at 2nd FU. Inter-test agreement was substantial between WHO and RECIST (κ = 0.610-0.799, 1st FU; κ = 0.655-0.782, 2nd FU) and excellent between EASLmeas and EASLest (κ = 0.899-0.918, 1st FU; κ = 0.843-0.877, 2nd FU). CONCLUSION Size- and necrosis-based criteria both show moderate to excellent interreader agreement in evaluating treatment response after TAE for HCC. Inter-test agreement regarding EASLmeas and EASLest was excellent, suggesting that either may be used. KEY POINTS • Applying EASL criteria, visual estimation and bidimensional measurements show comparable interreader agreement. • EASL meas and EASL est show substantial interreader agreement for treatment response in HCC. • Agreement was excellent for EASL meas and EASL est after TAE of HCC. • Visual estimation of enhancement is adequate to assess treatment response of HCC.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:8 April 2015
Deposited On:29 Apr 2015 14:17
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:14
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0938-7994
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-015-3677-4
PubMed ID:25850892

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