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Predictors of complications in acute type B aortic dissection


Genoni, M; Paul, M; Tavakoli, R; Künzli, A; Lachat, M; Graves, K; Seifert, Burkhardt; Turina, M (2002). Predictors of complications in acute type B aortic dissection. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 22(1):59-63.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Medical treatment is generally advocated for patients with acute type B aortic dissection without complications. The objective of this retrospective analysis was to determine whether there are any initial findings that can help predict the long-term course of the disease. METHODS Case records of the 130 patients treated for type B aortic dissection between 1988 and 1997 were reviewed; 41 (31%) were operated on in the acute phase (<14 days), 31 (24%) were operated on in the chronic phase and 58 (45%) were treated medically. RESULTS Overall acute mortality was 10.8%; 22% for patients operated on in the early phase and 5.6% for medically treated patients. Age (P=0.002), persistent pain (P=0.01) and malperfusion (P=0.001) were significant independent predictors of the need for surgery. Paraplegia/para paresis (P=0.0001), leg ischaemia (P=0.003), pleural effusion (P=0.003), rupture (P=0.0001), shock (P=0.0001), age (P=0.003), cardiac failure (P=0.002) and aortic diameter >4.5 cm (P=0.002) were significant predictors of poor survival. Age and shock also emerged as independent risk factors. Patients without malperfusion (P=0.0001), pleural effusion (P=0.003), rupture (P=0.0001) and shock (P=0.0001) had a significantly better event-free survival (freedom from repeat surgery and death). The actuarial survival rate for high-risk patients (malperfusion, rupture, shock) was 62% at 1 year and 40% at 5 years; the corresponding values for low-risk patients were 94 and 84%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS Rupture, shock and malperfusion are significant predictors of poor survival in patients with acute type B aortic dissection.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Medical treatment is generally advocated for patients with acute type B aortic dissection without complications. The objective of this retrospective analysis was to determine whether there are any initial findings that can help predict the long-term course of the disease. METHODS Case records of the 130 patients treated for type B aortic dissection between 1988 and 1997 were reviewed; 41 (31%) were operated on in the acute phase (<14 days), 31 (24%) were operated on in the chronic phase and 58 (45%) were treated medically. RESULTS Overall acute mortality was 10.8%; 22% for patients operated on in the early phase and 5.6% for medically treated patients. Age (P=0.002), persistent pain (P=0.01) and malperfusion (P=0.001) were significant independent predictors of the need for surgery. Paraplegia/para paresis (P=0.0001), leg ischaemia (P=0.003), pleural effusion (P=0.003), rupture (P=0.0001), shock (P=0.0001), age (P=0.003), cardiac failure (P=0.002) and aortic diameter >4.5 cm (P=0.002) were significant predictors of poor survival. Age and shock also emerged as independent risk factors. Patients without malperfusion (P=0.0001), pleural effusion (P=0.003), rupture (P=0.0001) and shock (P=0.0001) had a significantly better event-free survival (freedom from repeat surgery and death). The actuarial survival rate for high-risk patients (malperfusion, rupture, shock) was 62% at 1 year and 40% at 5 years; the corresponding values for low-risk patients were 94 and 84%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS Rupture, shock and malperfusion are significant predictors of poor survival in patients with acute type B aortic dissection.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2002
Deposited On:21 May 2015 10:38
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:15
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1010-7940
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S1010-7940(02)00203-8
PubMed ID:12103374

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