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Exploring the origins of grey matter damage in multiple sclerosis


Calabrese, Massimiliano; Magliozzi, Roberta; Ciccarelli, Olga; Geurts, Jeroen J G; Reynolds, Richard; Martin, Roland (2015). Exploring the origins of grey matter damage in multiple sclerosis. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 16(3):147-158.

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis is characterized at the gross pathological level by the presence of widespread focal demyelinating lesions of the myelin-rich white matter. However, it is becoming clear that grey matter is not spared, even during the earliest phases of the disease. Furthermore, grey matter damage may have an important role both in physical and cognitive disability. Grey matter pathology involves both inflammatory and neurodegenerative mechanisms, but the relationship between the two is unclear. Histological, immunological and neuroimaging studies have provided new insight in this rapidly expanding field, and form the basis of the most recent hypotheses on the pathogenesis of grey matter damage.

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis is characterized at the gross pathological level by the presence of widespread focal demyelinating lesions of the myelin-rich white matter. However, it is becoming clear that grey matter is not spared, even during the earliest phases of the disease. Furthermore, grey matter damage may have an important role both in physical and cognitive disability. Grey matter pathology involves both inflammatory and neurodegenerative mechanisms, but the relationship between the two is unclear. Histological, immunological and neuroimaging studies have provided new insight in this rapidly expanding field, and form the basis of the most recent hypotheses on the pathogenesis of grey matter damage.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:March 2015
Deposited On:05 Jun 2015 11:17
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:16
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1471-003X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn3900
PubMed ID:25697158

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