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A statistical approach for determination of disk diffusion-based cutoff values for systematic characterization of wild-type and non-wild-type bacterial populations in antimicrobial susceptibility testing


Valsesia, Giorgia; Roos, Malgorzata; Böttger, Erik C; Hombach, Michael (2015). A statistical approach for determination of disk diffusion-based cutoff values for systematic characterization of wild-type and non-wild-type bacterial populations in antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 53(6):1812-1822.

Abstract

In this study, we introduce a new approach for determination of epidemiologic cutoffs (ECOFFs) and resistant-population cutoffs (RCOFFs) based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. As an example, the method was applied for determination of ECOFFs for seven different beta-lactam antibiotics and wild-type populations of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Enterobacter cloacae. In addition, RCOFFs were determined for bacterial populations with defined resistance mechanisms ("resistotypes"), i.e., extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-positive E. coli, ESBL-positive K. pneumoniae, and ESBL-positive E. cloacae; AmpC cephalosporinase-positive E. coli and AmpC-positive K. pneumoniae; and broad-spectrum beta-lactamase (BSBL)-positive E. coli. RCOFFs and ECOFFs are instrumental for a systematic characterization of associations between resistotypes and wild-type populations.

Abstract

In this study, we introduce a new approach for determination of epidemiologic cutoffs (ECOFFs) and resistant-population cutoffs (RCOFFs) based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. As an example, the method was applied for determination of ECOFFs for seven different beta-lactam antibiotics and wild-type populations of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Enterobacter cloacae. In addition, RCOFFs were determined for bacterial populations with defined resistance mechanisms ("resistotypes"), i.e., extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-positive E. coli, ESBL-positive K. pneumoniae, and ESBL-positive E. cloacae; AmpC cephalosporinase-positive E. coli and AmpC-positive K. pneumoniae; and broad-spectrum beta-lactamase (BSBL)-positive E. coli. RCOFFs and ECOFFs are instrumental for a systematic characterization of associations between resistotypes and wild-type populations.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Microbiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:June 2015
Deposited On:19 Jun 2015 13:43
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:17
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:0095-1137
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.03506-14
PubMed ID:25762772

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