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Balo's Concentric Sclerosis with Acute Presentation and Co-Existing Multiple Sclerosis-Typical Lesions on MRI


Purohit, Bela; Ganewatte, Eranga; Schreiner, Bettina; Kollias, Spyros (2015). Balo's Concentric Sclerosis with Acute Presentation and Co-Existing Multiple Sclerosis-Typical Lesions on MRI. Case Reports in Neurology, 7(1):44-50.

Abstract

Balo's disease also known as Balo's concentric sclerosis (BCS) is a rare demyelinating disorder which is characterized pathologically and radiologically by concentric rings of demyelinated and relatively myelin-preserved white matter. We describe the case of a 25-year-old female presenting with stroke-like symptoms who was diagnosed with BCS on MRI. At clinical onset, she also showed co-existing multiple sclerosis (MS)-typical lesions in the brain. This report extends the recent concept that BCS may share similar pathogenesis and radiological progression as MS lesions, that they may occur simultaneously in the same patient and that they may represent different manifestations of the same disease process. Also, BCS needs not be a fulminant disease and may often show a benign self-limiting course as in our case.

Abstract

Balo's disease also known as Balo's concentric sclerosis (BCS) is a rare demyelinating disorder which is characterized pathologically and radiologically by concentric rings of demyelinated and relatively myelin-preserved white matter. We describe the case of a 25-year-old female presenting with stroke-like symptoms who was diagnosed with BCS on MRI. At clinical onset, she also showed co-existing multiple sclerosis (MS)-typical lesions in the brain. This report extends the recent concept that BCS may share similar pathogenesis and radiological progression as MS lesions, that they may occur simultaneously in the same patient and that they may represent different manifestations of the same disease process. Also, BCS needs not be a fulminant disease and may often show a benign self-limiting course as in our case.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neuroradiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:09 Jul 2015 12:04
Last Modified:27 May 2016 09:36
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:1662-680X
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000380813
PubMed ID:25873888

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