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ADAMTS4 (aggrecanase-1) cleaves human brain versican V2 at Glu405-Gln406 to generate glial hyaluronate binding protein


Westling, Jennifer; Gottschall, Paul E; Thompson, Vivian P; Cockburn, Amber; Perides, George; Zimmermann, Dieter R; Sandy, John D (2004). ADAMTS4 (aggrecanase-1) cleaves human brain versican V2 at Glu405-Gln406 to generate glial hyaluronate binding protein. Biochemical Journal, 377(Pt 3):787-795.

Abstract

Human brain tissue from cerebellum and hippocampus was obtained between 2 h and 24 h post mortem and, after extraction in the presence of proteinase inhibitors, proteoglycans were purified by anion-exchange chromatography. The versican component was characterized by Western analysis with antibodies to the N-terminal peptide (LF99), the N-terminal globular domain (12C5) and the two GAG (glycosaminoglycan) attachment regions (anti-GAG-alpha and anti-GAG-beta). The results indicated that versican V2 is the major variant in all brain samples, and that it exists as the full-length form and also as at least six C-terminally truncated forms. The major immunoreactive species present is a 64 kDa product, which we identified by biochemical and immunological analysis as the brain protein previously termed GHAP (glial hyaluronate binding protein) [Perides, Lane, Andrews, Dahl and Bignami (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 5981-5987]. Immunological analysis of purified human GHAP using a new anti-neoepitope antiserum (JSCNIV) showed that its C-terminal sequence is NIVSFE(405), and digestion of human cerebellum proteoglycans with ADAMTS4 (aggrecanase-1, where ADAMTS, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin-1-like motifs) indicated that GHAP is a product of cleavage of versican V0 or V2 at the Glu(405)-Gln(406) bond. Since human cerebellum extracts contained multiple forms of ADAMTS4 protein on Western analysis, these data suggest that one or more members of the 'aggrecanase' group of the ADAMTS family (ADAMTS 1, 4, 5 and 9) are responsible for turnover of versican V2 in the adult human brain.

Abstract

Human brain tissue from cerebellum and hippocampus was obtained between 2 h and 24 h post mortem and, after extraction in the presence of proteinase inhibitors, proteoglycans were purified by anion-exchange chromatography. The versican component was characterized by Western analysis with antibodies to the N-terminal peptide (LF99), the N-terminal globular domain (12C5) and the two GAG (glycosaminoglycan) attachment regions (anti-GAG-alpha and anti-GAG-beta). The results indicated that versican V2 is the major variant in all brain samples, and that it exists as the full-length form and also as at least six C-terminally truncated forms. The major immunoreactive species present is a 64 kDa product, which we identified by biochemical and immunological analysis as the brain protein previously termed GHAP (glial hyaluronate binding protein) [Perides, Lane, Andrews, Dahl and Bignami (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 5981-5987]. Immunological analysis of purified human GHAP using a new anti-neoepitope antiserum (JSCNIV) showed that its C-terminal sequence is NIVSFE(405), and digestion of human cerebellum proteoglycans with ADAMTS4 (aggrecanase-1, where ADAMTS, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin-1-like motifs) indicated that GHAP is a product of cleavage of versican V0 or V2 at the Glu(405)-Gln(406) bond. Since human cerebellum extracts contained multiple forms of ADAMTS4 protein on Western analysis, these data suggest that one or more members of the 'aggrecanase' group of the ADAMTS family (ADAMTS 1, 4, 5 and 9) are responsible for turnover of versican V2 in the adult human brain.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:1 February 2004
Deposited On:21 Jul 2015 13:08
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:18
Publisher:Portland Press
ISSN:0264-6021
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20030896
PubMed ID:14561220

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