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Associations between body mass, leptin, IGF-I and circulating adrenal androgens in children with obesity and premature adrenarche


l'Allemand, Dagmar; Schmidt, Stefan; Rousson, Valentin; Brabant, Georg; Gasser, Theo; Grüters, Annette (2002). Associations between body mass, leptin, IGF-I and circulating adrenal androgens in children with obesity and premature adrenarche. European Journal of Endocrinology, 146(4):537-543.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To explain why adrenal androgens rise with increasing adiposity during childhood, the role of body mass index (BMI), leptin and IGF-I was studied. We also tested whether these parameters contribute to inducing premature adrenarche (PA).
DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, 26 prepubertal obese children were compared with a group of 26 prepubertal children of normal weight, and 30 children under observation for PA were compared with 30 healthy children, matched for gender, bone age and BMI.
METHODS: Relative contributions of BMI standard deviation scores (SDS) and height SDS, as well as unbound leptin and IGF-I, to the levels of androgens, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and Delta4-androstenedione (AD) were investigated by means of stepwise regression models. Logarithms of all hormones were standardised for age using residuals of a simple regression analysis, labelled by the suffix '(res)'.
RESULTS: In the obese children, height SDS, IGF-I(res,) DHEAS(res) (all P<0.05), leptin(res) (P<0.01), and AD(res) (P=0.07) were higher than in the controls, and covariates were correlated with each other (leptin(res) versus BMI SDS r=0.71, IGF-I(res) versus height SDS r=0.61). In the stepwise regression analysis of control and obese children, BMI SDS explained 26% and leptin(res) explained 12% of the variability of DHEAS(res), but this percentage remained at 26% when both variables were simultaneously introduced into the model. In contrast, IGF-I(res) and BMI SDS alone each accounted for 15% of the variability of AD, and their joint influence accumulated to explain 28% of the variability of AD(res). In PA, neither BMI SDS nor leptin(res) were correlated with the increased androgens.
CONCLUSION: Before the onset of gonadal activity in obese and control children, DHEAS levels, to some extent, are explained by BMI and leptin, while IGF-I in addition to BMI in part accounts for AD levels. Enhanced adrenal androgen secretion in children with PA, however, may be explained by parameters other than leptin or BMI.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To explain why adrenal androgens rise with increasing adiposity during childhood, the role of body mass index (BMI), leptin and IGF-I was studied. We also tested whether these parameters contribute to inducing premature adrenarche (PA).
DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, 26 prepubertal obese children were compared with a group of 26 prepubertal children of normal weight, and 30 children under observation for PA were compared with 30 healthy children, matched for gender, bone age and BMI.
METHODS: Relative contributions of BMI standard deviation scores (SDS) and height SDS, as well as unbound leptin and IGF-I, to the levels of androgens, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and Delta4-androstenedione (AD) were investigated by means of stepwise regression models. Logarithms of all hormones were standardised for age using residuals of a simple regression analysis, labelled by the suffix '(res)'.
RESULTS: In the obese children, height SDS, IGF-I(res,) DHEAS(res) (all P<0.05), leptin(res) (P<0.01), and AD(res) (P=0.07) were higher than in the controls, and covariates were correlated with each other (leptin(res) versus BMI SDS r=0.71, IGF-I(res) versus height SDS r=0.61). In the stepwise regression analysis of control and obese children, BMI SDS explained 26% and leptin(res) explained 12% of the variability of DHEAS(res), but this percentage remained at 26% when both variables were simultaneously introduced into the model. In contrast, IGF-I(res) and BMI SDS alone each accounted for 15% of the variability of AD, and their joint influence accumulated to explain 28% of the variability of AD(res). In PA, neither BMI SDS nor leptin(res) were correlated with the increased androgens.
CONCLUSION: Before the onset of gonadal activity in obese and control children, DHEAS levels, to some extent, are explained by BMI and leptin, while IGF-I in addition to BMI in part accounts for AD levels. Enhanced adrenal androgen secretion in children with PA, however, may be explained by parameters other than leptin or BMI.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 2002
Deposited On:17 Jul 2015 08:38
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 13:26
Publisher:BioScientifica Ltd.
ISSN:0804-4643
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1530/eje.0.1460537
PubMed ID:11916623

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