Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the EGFR gene are rare in synovial sarcoma


Bode, Beata; Frigerio, Simona; Behnke, Silvia; Senn, Belinda; Odermatt, Bernhard; Zimmermann, Dieter R; Moch, Holger (2006). Mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the EGFR gene are rare in synovial sarcoma. Modern Pathology, 19(4):541-547.

Abstract

The prognosis of patients with synovial sarcomas is poor. New therapeutic strategies, such as target inhibition of the tyrosine kinase activity of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) with erlotinib and gefinitib, could be effective, because most synovial sarcomas overexpress this protein. In lung cancer, the responsiveness to gefinitib is strongly related to the presence of mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the EGFR gene, while erlotinib sensitivity seems to be partly linked to chromosome 7 polysomy or gene amplification. To clarify the role of EGFR in synovial sarcoma and to explore the potential for a targeted therapy approach, we have examined 13 of these soft tissue tumors. We have analyzed the EGFR expression by immunohistochemistry, searched for polysomy and gene amplification with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and screened for EGFR mutations in exons 18-21 using PCR and direct sequencing. All 13 tumors showed strong diffuse or focal EGFR expression. No amplifications of the EGFR gene were found. In contrast, several point mutations were identified in exons 18-21 of two synovial sarcomas. Whereas one of these tumors carried only a synonymous mutation, two missense mutations in exons 19 and 21 of the EGFR gene (P733S and A840 T, respectively) could be demonstrated in the second sample. In conclusion, strong EGFR expression in synovial sarcomas is not related to gene amplification. The existence of mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the EGFR gene in a small subset of synovial sarcomas suggests that only few patients may profit from the tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy.

Abstract

The prognosis of patients with synovial sarcomas is poor. New therapeutic strategies, such as target inhibition of the tyrosine kinase activity of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) with erlotinib and gefinitib, could be effective, because most synovial sarcomas overexpress this protein. In lung cancer, the responsiveness to gefinitib is strongly related to the presence of mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the EGFR gene, while erlotinib sensitivity seems to be partly linked to chromosome 7 polysomy or gene amplification. To clarify the role of EGFR in synovial sarcoma and to explore the potential for a targeted therapy approach, we have examined 13 of these soft tissue tumors. We have analyzed the EGFR expression by immunohistochemistry, searched for polysomy and gene amplification with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and screened for EGFR mutations in exons 18-21 using PCR and direct sequencing. All 13 tumors showed strong diffuse or focal EGFR expression. No amplifications of the EGFR gene were found. In contrast, several point mutations were identified in exons 18-21 of two synovial sarcomas. Whereas one of these tumors carried only a synonymous mutation, two missense mutations in exons 19 and 21 of the EGFR gene (P733S and A840 T, respectively) could be demonstrated in the second sample. In conclusion, strong EGFR expression in synovial sarcomas is not related to gene amplification. The existence of mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the EGFR gene in a small subset of synovial sarcomas suggests that only few patients may profit from the tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy.

Statistics

Citations

26 citations in Web of Science®
30 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 21 Jul 2015
0 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 2006
Deposited On:21 Jul 2015 10:47
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:19
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0893-3952
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/modpathol.3800560
PubMed ID:16514409

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 265kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations