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Preferential nuclear and cytoplasmic NY-BR-1 protein expression in primary breast cancer and lymph node metastases


Varga, Zsuzsanna; Theurillat, Jean-Philippe; Filonenko, Valeriy; Sasse, Bernd; Odermatt, Bernhard; Jungbluth, Achim A; Chen, Yao-Tseng; Old, Lloyd J; Knuth, Alexander; Jäger, Dirk; Moch, Holger (2006). Preferential nuclear and cytoplasmic NY-BR-1 protein expression in primary breast cancer and lymph node metastases. Clinical Cancer Research, 12(9):2745-2751.

Abstract

PURPOSE: NY-BR-1 is a recently isolated differentiation antigen, which is expressed in normal mammary tissue and in breast cancer. However, current data are based on RT-PCR analysis and nothing is known about the presence of NY-BR-1 on a protein level. We previously generated a monoclonal antibody to NY-BR-1 to study the protein expression of NY-BR-1.
METHODS: In our immunohistochemical study, NY-BR-1 was analyzed in normal tissues, various tumor types, 124 primary breast cancers, and 37 paired lymph node metastases.
RESULTS: Among normal tissues, NY-BR-1 was present solely in ductal epithelium of the breast. In tumors, carcinoma in situ and invasive carcinoma of the breast were NY-BR-1 positive whereas other tumors and normal tissues were negative. Sixty percent of invasive breast carcinomas were NY-BR-1 positive, displaying cytoplasmic and/or nuclear immunoreactivity. This coexpression was verified by confocal microscopy. Although the monoclonal antibody identified intratumoral heterogeneity, a majority (72%) of NY-BR-1-positive carcinomas revealed immunoreactivity in >50% of the tumor cells. NY-BR-1 expression was more frequent in estrogen receptor-positive and lymph node-negative primary carcinomas (P < 0.05 each) and was more common in grade 1 (77%) than in grade 2 (63%) or grade 3 (50%) carcinomas (P < 0.05). This suggests that NY-BR-1 expression is lost with tumor progression. Forty-nine percent of lymph node metastases were NY-BR-1 positive.
CONCLUSION: This study supports the notion that NY-BR-1 is a differentiation antigen of the breast, which is present in normal and tumorous mammary epithelium. The organ-specific expression of NY-BR-1 and its high prevalence in metastases indicate that it could be a valuable target for cancer immunotherapy.

Abstract

PURPOSE: NY-BR-1 is a recently isolated differentiation antigen, which is expressed in normal mammary tissue and in breast cancer. However, current data are based on RT-PCR analysis and nothing is known about the presence of NY-BR-1 on a protein level. We previously generated a monoclonal antibody to NY-BR-1 to study the protein expression of NY-BR-1.
METHODS: In our immunohistochemical study, NY-BR-1 was analyzed in normal tissues, various tumor types, 124 primary breast cancers, and 37 paired lymph node metastases.
RESULTS: Among normal tissues, NY-BR-1 was present solely in ductal epithelium of the breast. In tumors, carcinoma in situ and invasive carcinoma of the breast were NY-BR-1 positive whereas other tumors and normal tissues were negative. Sixty percent of invasive breast carcinomas were NY-BR-1 positive, displaying cytoplasmic and/or nuclear immunoreactivity. This coexpression was verified by confocal microscopy. Although the monoclonal antibody identified intratumoral heterogeneity, a majority (72%) of NY-BR-1-positive carcinomas revealed immunoreactivity in >50% of the tumor cells. NY-BR-1 expression was more frequent in estrogen receptor-positive and lymph node-negative primary carcinomas (P < 0.05 each) and was more common in grade 1 (77%) than in grade 2 (63%) or grade 3 (50%) carcinomas (P < 0.05). This suggests that NY-BR-1 expression is lost with tumor progression. Forty-nine percent of lymph node metastases were NY-BR-1 positive.
CONCLUSION: This study supports the notion that NY-BR-1 is a differentiation antigen of the breast, which is present in normal and tumorous mammary epithelium. The organ-specific expression of NY-BR-1 and its high prevalence in metastases indicate that it could be a valuable target for cancer immunotherapy.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 May 2006
Deposited On:24 Jul 2015 10:51
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:19
Publisher:American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN:1078-0432
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-05-2192
PubMed ID:16675566

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