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Conversion of mature B cells into T cells by dedifferentiation to uncommitted progenitors


Cobaleda, César; Jochum, Wolfram; Busslinger, Meinrad (2007). Conversion of mature B cells into T cells by dedifferentiation to uncommitted progenitors. Nature, 449(7161):473-477.

Abstract

Lineage commitment and differentiation to a mature cell type are considered to be unidirectional and irreversible processes under physiological conditions. The commitment of haematopoietic progenitors to the B-cell lineage and their development to mature B lymphocytes critically depend on the transcription factor encoded by the paired box gene 5 (Pax5). Here we show that conditional Pax5 deletion in mice allowed mature B cells from peripheral lymphoid organs to dedifferentiate in vivo back to early uncommitted progenitors in the bone marrow, which rescued T lymphopoiesis in the thymus of T-cell-deficient mice. These B-cell-derived T lymphocytes carried not only immunoglobulin heavy- and light-chain gene rearrangements but also participated as functional T cells in immune reactions. Mice lacking Pax5 in mature B cells also developed aggressive lymphomas, which were identified by their gene expression profile as progenitor cell tumours. Hence, the complete loss of Pax5 in late B cells could initiate lymphoma development and uncovered an extraordinary plasticity of mature peripheral B cells despite their advanced differentiation stage.

Abstract

Lineage commitment and differentiation to a mature cell type are considered to be unidirectional and irreversible processes under physiological conditions. The commitment of haematopoietic progenitors to the B-cell lineage and their development to mature B lymphocytes critically depend on the transcription factor encoded by the paired box gene 5 (Pax5). Here we show that conditional Pax5 deletion in mice allowed mature B cells from peripheral lymphoid organs to dedifferentiate in vivo back to early uncommitted progenitors in the bone marrow, which rescued T lymphopoiesis in the thymus of T-cell-deficient mice. These B-cell-derived T lymphocytes carried not only immunoglobulin heavy- and light-chain gene rearrangements but also participated as functional T cells in immune reactions. Mice lacking Pax5 in mature B cells also developed aggressive lymphomas, which were identified by their gene expression profile as progenitor cell tumours. Hence, the complete loss of Pax5 in late B cells could initiate lymphoma development and uncovered an extraordinary plasticity of mature peripheral B cells despite their advanced differentiation stage.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:27 September 2007
Deposited On:24 Jul 2015 09:03
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:19
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0028-0836
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06159
PubMed ID:17851532

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