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Oncogenic role of Pax5 in the T-lymphoid lineage upon ectopic expression from the immunoglobulin heavy-chain locus


Souabni, Abdallah; Jochum, Wolfram; Busslinger, Meinrad (2007). Oncogenic role of Pax5 in the T-lymphoid lineage upon ectopic expression from the immunoglobulin heavy-chain locus. Blood, 109(1):281-289.

Abstract

Four of 9 PAX transcription factor genes have been associated with chromosomal translocations in human tumors, although their oncogenic potential has not yet been demonstrated in transgenic mouse models. The B-lymphoidPAX5 gene participates in the generation of the t(9;14)(p13;q32) translocation in germinal center B cells, which leads to deregulated PAX5 expression under the control of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain (IgH) locus in a subset of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Here we reconstructed a human t(9;14) translocation in a knock-in mouse by inserting a PAX5 minigene into the IgH locus. The IgH(P5ki) allele, which corresponds to a germline rather than somatic mutation, is activated in multipotent hematopoietic progenitors and is subsequently expressed in dendritic cells (DCs) and in natural killer (NK), T, and B cells. Ectopic Pax5 expression interferes with normal T-cell development and causes immature T-lymphoblastic lymphomas in IgH(P5ki/+) and IgH(P5ki/P5ki) mice. Aggressive T-cell lymphomas develop even faster in Ik(Pax5/+) mice expressing Pax5 from the Ikaros locus. Pax5 expression in thymocytes activates B-cell-specific genes and represses T-lymphoid genes, suggesting that Pax5 contributes to lymphomagenesis by deregulating the T-cell gene-expression program. These data identify Pax5 as a potent oncogene and demonstrate that the T-lymphoid lineage is particularly sensitive to the oncogenic action of Pax5.

Abstract

Four of 9 PAX transcription factor genes have been associated with chromosomal translocations in human tumors, although their oncogenic potential has not yet been demonstrated in transgenic mouse models. The B-lymphoidPAX5 gene participates in the generation of the t(9;14)(p13;q32) translocation in germinal center B cells, which leads to deregulated PAX5 expression under the control of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain (IgH) locus in a subset of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Here we reconstructed a human t(9;14) translocation in a knock-in mouse by inserting a PAX5 minigene into the IgH locus. The IgH(P5ki) allele, which corresponds to a germline rather than somatic mutation, is activated in multipotent hematopoietic progenitors and is subsequently expressed in dendritic cells (DCs) and in natural killer (NK), T, and B cells. Ectopic Pax5 expression interferes with normal T-cell development and causes immature T-lymphoblastic lymphomas in IgH(P5ki/+) and IgH(P5ki/P5ki) mice. Aggressive T-cell lymphomas develop even faster in Ik(Pax5/+) mice expressing Pax5 from the Ikaros locus. Pax5 expression in thymocytes activates B-cell-specific genes and represses T-lymphoid genes, suggesting that Pax5 contributes to lymphomagenesis by deregulating the T-cell gene-expression program. These data identify Pax5 as a potent oncogene and demonstrate that the T-lymphoid lineage is particularly sensitive to the oncogenic action of Pax5.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 January 2007
Deposited On:24 Jul 2015 10:52
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:19
Publisher:American Society of Hematology
ISSN:0006-4971
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2006-03-009670
PubMed ID:16968900

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