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Safety of Early High-Dose Recombinant Erythropoietin for Neuroprotection in Very Preterm Infants


Fauchère, Jean-Claude; Koller, Brigitte M; Tschopp, Alois; Dame, Christof; Ruegger, Christoph; Bucher, Hans Ulrich (2015). Safety of Early High-Dose Recombinant Erythropoietin for Neuroprotection in Very Preterm Infants. Journal of Pediatrics, 167(1):52-57.e3.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and short term outcome of high dose recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEpo) given shortly after birth and subsequently over the first 2 days for neuroprotection to very preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, double masked phase II trial. Preterm infants (gestational age 26 0/7-31 6/7 weeks) were given rhEpo (nt = 229; 3000 U/kg body weight) or NaCl 0.9% (nc = 214) intravenously at 3, 12-18, and 36-42 hours after birth. RESULTS: There were no relevant differences between the groups for short-term outcomes such as mortality, retinopathy of prematurity, intraventricular hemorrhage, sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. At day 7-10, we found significantly higher hematocrit values, reticulocyte, and white blood cell counts, and a lower platelet count in the rhEpo group. CONCLUSIONS: Early high-dose rhEpo administration to very premature infants is safe and causes no excess in mortality or major adverse events. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00413946.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and short term outcome of high dose recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEpo) given shortly after birth and subsequently over the first 2 days for neuroprotection to very preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, double masked phase II trial. Preterm infants (gestational age 26 0/7-31 6/7 weeks) were given rhEpo (nt = 229; 3000 U/kg body weight) or NaCl 0.9% (nc = 214) intravenously at 3, 12-18, and 36-42 hours after birth. RESULTS: There were no relevant differences between the groups for short-term outcomes such as mortality, retinopathy of prematurity, intraventricular hemorrhage, sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. At day 7-10, we found significantly higher hematocrit values, reticulocyte, and white blood cell counts, and a lower platelet count in the rhEpo group. CONCLUSIONS: Early high-dose rhEpo administration to very premature infants is safe and causes no excess in mortality or major adverse events. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00413946.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neonatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2015
Deposited On:06 Aug 2015 12:01
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:20
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-3476
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.02.052
PubMed ID:25863661

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