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Preoperative breast cancer staging: MR imaging of the axilla with ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide enhancement


Michel, Sven C A; Keller, Thomas M; Fröhlich, Johannes M; Fink, Daniel; Caduff, Rosmarie; Seifert, Burkhardt; Marincek, Borut; Kubik Huch, Rahel A (2002). Preoperative breast cancer staging: MR imaging of the axilla with ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide enhancement. Radiology, 225(2):527-536.

Abstract

PURPOSE To evaluate magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) enhancement for preoperative axillary lymph node staging in patients with breast cancer by using histopathologic findings as the standard of reference. MATERIALS AND METHODS MR imaging was performed with a 1.5-T system within 24-36 hours after the start of intravenous slow-drip infusion of USPIO in 20 patients with breast cancer who were scheduled for surgery, followed by gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging. Lymph nodes were staged prospectively by using newly established criteria, and results were correlated with histologic findings. RESULTS In two patients, preoperative findings led to a change in therapeutic approach, and neoadjuvant chemotherapy was given; both patients were excluded from statistical analysis. Results of axillary staging with USPIO-enhanced MR imaging were true-positive in nine, true-negative in seven, false-positive in zero, and false-negative in two of 18 patients (sensitivity, 82%; specificity, 100%; positive predictive value, 100%; second reader, kappa = 1.0). Four hundred five lymph nodes were detected with MR imaging. For first and second readers, respectively, lymph node-based sensitivity was 83% and 73% and specificity was 96% and 97% (kappa = 0.68). USPIO as the intravascular contrast agent could not replace gadolinium for assessment of the primary tumor; however, no clinically relevant interaction was seen. Thus, an integrated imaging approach was feasible in all patients. CONCLUSION USPIO-enhanced MR imaging has the potential to become an adjunct to conventional MR imaging of the breast for preoperative assessment of axillary lymph nodes in patients with breast cancer.

Abstract

PURPOSE To evaluate magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) enhancement for preoperative axillary lymph node staging in patients with breast cancer by using histopathologic findings as the standard of reference. MATERIALS AND METHODS MR imaging was performed with a 1.5-T system within 24-36 hours after the start of intravenous slow-drip infusion of USPIO in 20 patients with breast cancer who were scheduled for surgery, followed by gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging. Lymph nodes were staged prospectively by using newly established criteria, and results were correlated with histologic findings. RESULTS In two patients, preoperative findings led to a change in therapeutic approach, and neoadjuvant chemotherapy was given; both patients were excluded from statistical analysis. Results of axillary staging with USPIO-enhanced MR imaging were true-positive in nine, true-negative in seven, false-positive in zero, and false-negative in two of 18 patients (sensitivity, 82%; specificity, 100%; positive predictive value, 100%; second reader, kappa = 1.0). Four hundred five lymph nodes were detected with MR imaging. For first and second readers, respectively, lymph node-based sensitivity was 83% and 73% and specificity was 96% and 97% (kappa = 0.68). USPIO as the intravascular contrast agent could not replace gadolinium for assessment of the primary tumor; however, no clinically relevant interaction was seen. Thus, an integrated imaging approach was feasible in all patients. CONCLUSION USPIO-enhanced MR imaging has the potential to become an adjunct to conventional MR imaging of the breast for preoperative assessment of axillary lymph nodes in patients with breast cancer.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:November 2002
Deposited On:12 Aug 2015 13:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:21
Publisher:Radiological Society of North America
ISSN:0033-8419
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2252011605
PubMed ID:12409591

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