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Alternative outcomes for the multiple breath washout in children with CF


Stanojevic, Sanja; Jensen, Renee; Sundaralingam, Dasiga; Salazar, Juliana Giraldo; Yammine, Sophie; Singer, Florian; Latzin, Philipp; Amin, Reshma; Subbarao, Padmaja; Gustafsson, Per; Ratjen, Felix (2015). Alternative outcomes for the multiple breath washout in children with CF. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 14(4):490-496.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The lung clearance index (LCI) measured by multiple-breath washout (MBW) has been proposed as an outcome for clinical trials; however, MBW is time consuming and LCI can be affected by breathing pattern. We aimed to evaluate moment ratios and abbreviated LCI in school-aged children with mild-to-moderate CF lung disease. METHODS Using existing data from three studies we assessed the sensitivity of moment ratios and abbreviated LCIs to (i) detect mild-to-moderate CF lung disease and (ii) detect treatment effects after 4weeks of hypertonic saline or dornase alfa inhalation. MBW was measured by respiratory mass spectrometry using 4% "sulphur hexafluoride as a tracer gas. RESULTS Compared to the traditional LCI, moment ratios and abbreviated LCIs were similarly sensitive to detect CF lung disease. Moment ratios consistently demonstrated treatment effects, whereas abbreviated LCIs were less sensitive. CONCLUSIONS Both moment ratios and abbreviated LCI are suitable to differentiate health from disease. Sensitivity is decreased for abbreviated LCIs in interventional studies in mild CF lung disease.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The lung clearance index (LCI) measured by multiple-breath washout (MBW) has been proposed as an outcome for clinical trials; however, MBW is time consuming and LCI can be affected by breathing pattern. We aimed to evaluate moment ratios and abbreviated LCI in school-aged children with mild-to-moderate CF lung disease. METHODS Using existing data from three studies we assessed the sensitivity of moment ratios and abbreviated LCIs to (i) detect mild-to-moderate CF lung disease and (ii) detect treatment effects after 4weeks of hypertonic saline or dornase alfa inhalation. MBW was measured by respiratory mass spectrometry using 4% "sulphur hexafluoride as a tracer gas. RESULTS Compared to the traditional LCI, moment ratios and abbreviated LCIs were similarly sensitive to detect CF lung disease. Moment ratios consistently demonstrated treatment effects, whereas abbreviated LCIs were less sensitive. CONCLUSIONS Both moment ratios and abbreviated LCI are suitable to differentiate health from disease. Sensitivity is decreased for abbreviated LCIs in interventional studies in mild CF lung disease.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2015
Deposited On:19 Aug 2015 12:10
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:21
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1569-1993
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcf.2014.12.008
PubMed ID:25578856

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