Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Low inappropriate shock rates in patients with single- and dual/triple-chamber implantable cardioverter-defibrillators using a novel suite of detection algorithms: PainFree SST trial primary results


Auricchio, Angelo; Schloss, Edward J; Kurita, Takashi; Meijer, Albert; Gerritse, Bart; Zweibel, Steven; AlSmadi, Faisal M; Leng, Charles T; Sterns, Laurence D (2015). Low inappropriate shock rates in patients with single- and dual/triple-chamber implantable cardioverter-defibrillators using a novel suite of detection algorithms: PainFree SST trial primary results. Heart Rhythm, 12(5):926-936.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The benefits of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have been well demonstrated in many clinical trials, and ICD shocks for ventricular tachyarrhythmias save lives. However, inappropriate and unnecessary shock delivery remains a significant clinical issue with considerable consequences for patients and the healthcare system.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the PainFree SmartShock Technology (SST) study was to investigate new-generation ICDs to reduce inappropriate and unnecessary shocks through novel discrimination algorithms with modern programming strategies.
METHODS: This prospective, multicenter clinical trial enrolled 2790 patients with approved indication for ICD implantation (79% male, mean age 65 years; 69% primary prevention indication, 27% single-chamber ICD, 33% replacement or upgrade). Patients were followed for a minimum of 12 months, and mean follow-up was 22 months. The primary end-point of the study was the percentage of patients remaining free of inappropriate shocks at 1 year postimplant, analyzed separately for dual/triple-chamber ICDs (N = 2019) and single-chamber ICDs (N = 751).
RESULTS: The inappropriate shock rate at 1 year was 1.5% for patients with dual/triple-chamber ICDs and 2.5% for patients with single-chamber devices. Two years postimplant, the inappropriate shock rate was 2.8% for patients with dual-/triple chamber ICDs and 3.7% for those with single-chamber ICDs. The most common cause of an inappropriate shock in both groups was atrial fibrillation or flutter.
CONCLUSION: In a large patient cohort receiving ICDs for primary or secondary prevention, the adoption of novel enhanced detection algorithms in conjunction with routine implementation of modern programming strategies led to a very low inappropriate shock rate.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The benefits of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have been well demonstrated in many clinical trials, and ICD shocks for ventricular tachyarrhythmias save lives. However, inappropriate and unnecessary shock delivery remains a significant clinical issue with considerable consequences for patients and the healthcare system.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the PainFree SmartShock Technology (SST) study was to investigate new-generation ICDs to reduce inappropriate and unnecessary shocks through novel discrimination algorithms with modern programming strategies.
METHODS: This prospective, multicenter clinical trial enrolled 2790 patients with approved indication for ICD implantation (79% male, mean age 65 years; 69% primary prevention indication, 27% single-chamber ICD, 33% replacement or upgrade). Patients were followed for a minimum of 12 months, and mean follow-up was 22 months. The primary end-point of the study was the percentage of patients remaining free of inappropriate shocks at 1 year postimplant, analyzed separately for dual/triple-chamber ICDs (N = 2019) and single-chamber ICDs (N = 751).
RESULTS: The inappropriate shock rate at 1 year was 1.5% for patients with dual/triple-chamber ICDs and 2.5% for patients with single-chamber devices. Two years postimplant, the inappropriate shock rate was 2.8% for patients with dual-/triple chamber ICDs and 3.7% for those with single-chamber ICDs. The most common cause of an inappropriate shock in both groups was atrial fibrillation or flutter.
CONCLUSION: In a large patient cohort receiving ICDs for primary or secondary prevention, the adoption of novel enhanced detection algorithms in conjunction with routine implementation of modern programming strategies led to a very low inappropriate shock rate.

Statistics

Citations

27 citations in Web of Science®
26 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 23 Nov 2015
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:May 2015
Deposited On:23 Nov 2015 13:54
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 13:50
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1547-5271
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.01.017
PubMed ID:25637563

Download