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The Mismatch-Binding Factor MutSβ Can Mediate ATR Activation in Response to DNA Double-Strand Breaks


Burdova, Kamila; Mihaljevic, Boris; Sturzenegger, Andreas; Chappidi, Nagaraja; Janscak, Pavel (2015). The Mismatch-Binding Factor MutSβ Can Mediate ATR Activation in Response to DNA Double-Strand Breaks. Molecular Cell, 59(4):603-614.

Abstract

Ataxia telangiectasia-mutated and Rad3-related (ATR) protein kinase, a master regulator of DNA-damage response, is activated by RPA-coated single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) generated at stalled replication forks or DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Here, we identify the mismatch-binding protein MutSβ, a heterodimer of MSH2 and MSH3, as a key player in this process. MSH2 and MSH3 form a complex with ATR and its regulatory partner ATRIP, and their depletion compromises the formation of ATRIP foci and phosphorylation of ATR substrates in cells responding to replication-associated DSBs. Purified MutSβ binds to hairpin loop structures that persist in RPA-ssDNA complexes and promotes ATRIP recruitment. Mutations in the mismatch-binding domain of MSH3 abolish the binding of MutSβ to DNA hairpin loops and its ability to promote ATR activation by ssDNA. These results suggest that hairpin loops might form in ssDNA generated at sites of DNA damage and trigger ATR activation in a process mediated by MutSβ.

Abstract

Ataxia telangiectasia-mutated and Rad3-related (ATR) protein kinase, a master regulator of DNA-damage response, is activated by RPA-coated single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) generated at stalled replication forks or DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Here, we identify the mismatch-binding protein MutSβ, a heterodimer of MSH2 and MSH3, as a key player in this process. MSH2 and MSH3 form a complex with ATR and its regulatory partner ATRIP, and their depletion compromises the formation of ATRIP foci and phosphorylation of ATR substrates in cells responding to replication-associated DSBs. Purified MutSβ binds to hairpin loop structures that persist in RPA-ssDNA complexes and promotes ATRIP recruitment. Mutations in the mismatch-binding domain of MSH3 abolish the binding of MutSβ to DNA hairpin loops and its ability to promote ATR activation by ssDNA. These results suggest that hairpin loops might form in ssDNA generated at sites of DNA damage and trigger ATR activation in a process mediated by MutSβ.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:20 August 2015
Deposited On:02 Sep 2015 15:56
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:23
Publisher:Cell Press (Elsevier)
ISSN:1097-2765
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2015.06.026
PubMed ID:26212458

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