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Prosthesis-specific predictors of paravalvular regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve replacement: impact of calcification and sizing on balloon-expandable versus self-expandable transcatheter heart valves


Stähli, Barbara E; Nguyen-Kim, Thi Dan Linh; Gebhard, Cathérine; Erhart, Ladina; Frauenfelder, Thomas; Tanner, Felix C; Falk, Volkmar; Landmesser, Ulf; Nietlispach, Fabian; Lüscher, Thomas F; Maier, Willibald; Binder, Ronald K (2015). Prosthesis-specific predictors of paravalvular regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve replacement: impact of calcification and sizing on balloon-expandable versus self-expandable transcatheter heart valves. Journal of Heart Valve Disease, 24(1):10-21.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aim was to investigate prosthesis-specific predictors for paravalvular aortic regurgitation (PAR) in self-expandable versus balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valves (THVs). PAR is frequently observed after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). As self-expandable and balloon-expandable THVs engage differently with the native aortic valve structures, factors that impact PAR may differ between the prosthesis types.
METHODS: A total of 137 TAVR patients who underwent pre-procedural multidetector computed tomography and post-procedural transthoracic echocardiography were studied. Predictors for PAR, including annulus area oversizing and aortic valve calcification mass and volume, were analyzed in a multivariate model.
RESULTS: The Medtronic CoreValve (MCV) prosthesis was utilized in 68 patients (50%), and the Edwards SAPIEN (ES) prosthesis in 69 (50%). More than mild PAR was observed in 43 patients (32%). Among MCV patients, aortic valve calcification volume and mass were higher in those with more than mild PAR than in those with none or mild PAR (p = 0.04, p = 0.03, respectively). Among ES patients, the annulus area and perimeter oversizing were lower in those with more than mild PAR compared to those with no or mild PAR (p = 0.001). By univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis, aortic valve calcification mass was the only independent predictor for PAR in MCV patients (p = 0.02), whereas in ES patients it was THV undersizing (p = 0.002), irrespective of the calcific burden.
CONCLUSION: For self-expandable THVs, aortic valve calcification mass was the strongest predictor of PAR, whereas for balloon-expandable THVs it was prosthesis undersizing. Hence, in patients evaluated for TAVR these parameters should guide the selection of prosthesis type.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aim was to investigate prosthesis-specific predictors for paravalvular aortic regurgitation (PAR) in self-expandable versus balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valves (THVs). PAR is frequently observed after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). As self-expandable and balloon-expandable THVs engage differently with the native aortic valve structures, factors that impact PAR may differ between the prosthesis types.
METHODS: A total of 137 TAVR patients who underwent pre-procedural multidetector computed tomography and post-procedural transthoracic echocardiography were studied. Predictors for PAR, including annulus area oversizing and aortic valve calcification mass and volume, were analyzed in a multivariate model.
RESULTS: The Medtronic CoreValve (MCV) prosthesis was utilized in 68 patients (50%), and the Edwards SAPIEN (ES) prosthesis in 69 (50%). More than mild PAR was observed in 43 patients (32%). Among MCV patients, aortic valve calcification volume and mass were higher in those with more than mild PAR than in those with none or mild PAR (p = 0.04, p = 0.03, respectively). Among ES patients, the annulus area and perimeter oversizing were lower in those with more than mild PAR compared to those with no or mild PAR (p = 0.001). By univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis, aortic valve calcification mass was the only independent predictor for PAR in MCV patients (p = 0.02), whereas in ES patients it was THV undersizing (p = 0.002), irrespective of the calcific burden.
CONCLUSION: For self-expandable THVs, aortic valve calcification mass was the strongest predictor of PAR, whereas for balloon-expandable THVs it was prosthesis undersizing. Hence, in patients evaluated for TAVR these parameters should guide the selection of prosthesis type.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2015
Deposited On:09 Sep 2015 10:27
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 13:58
Publisher:ICR Publishers
ISSN:0966-8519
Related URLs:https://www.icr-heart.com/?cid=3969&g=3 (Publisher)
PubMed ID:26182615

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